Canossa

/keuh nos"euh/; It. /kah naws"sah/, n.
1. a ruined castle in N Italy: scene of the penance of Emperor Henry IV of the Holy Roman Empire before Pope Gregory VII in 1077.
2. go to Canossa, to humble oneself.

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▪ historical site, Italy
      ruined 10th-century castle southwest of Reggio nell'Emilia in Italy, famous as the meeting place (1077) of Pope Gregory VII (Gregory VII, Saint) and Emperor Henry IV. The stronghold was built c. 940 by Atto Adalbert, the founder of the House of Attoni and first count of Canossa.

      At the invitation of Matilda (Matilda of Canossa), countess of Canossa (Matilda of Tuscany), a strong supporter of the papacy in the Investiture Controversy, Gregory VII stayed at the fortress in 1077 while on his way to Germany to take action against his opponent, Henry IV. To forestall his deposition, Henry journeyed to Canossa as a simple penitent and, on January 28, after waiting for three days, received absolution.

      Though this did not mark any lasting victory for the papacy, the name Canossa became associated with the submission of the secular power to the church; hence Bismarck's dictum, during Prussia's Kulturkampf against Roman Catholic influences in Germany: “Nach Canossa gehen wir nicht” (“We are not going to Canossa”).

      The castle was destroyed in 1255 by the people of Reggio.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Canossa — • A former castle of Matilda, Countess of Tuscany, in the foothills of the Apennines Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Canossa     Canossa      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • CANOSSA — (1077) Épisode célèbre de la lutte entre le pape Grégoire VII et l’empereur Henri IV. Depuis le milieu du XIe siècle, les papes tentent de réformer l’Église pour la débarrasser de la simonie et du nicolaïsme et la soustraire à l’emprise laïque.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Canossa — steht für: Canossa (Burg), eine Burgruine Canossa (Emilia Romagna), eine italienische Gemeinde in der Emilia Romagna Gang nach Canossa, ein Zug Heinrichs IV. von Speyer nach Canossa, oder allgemein ein Bittgang siehe auch Canosa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Canossa — Canossa, Marktflecken nahe bei Reggio, im Herzogthum Modena; 1200 Ew.; festes Bergschloß, von dem toskanischen Grafen Azzo befestigt. Im J. 950 belagerte hier König Berengar II. die hieher geflohene Adelheid (s.d. 1), welche aber Kaiser Otto I.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Canossa — Canossa, verfallene, auf steilem Felsen gelegene Burg in der ital. Provinz Reggio nell Emilia, gehörte einem Geschlechte, das im 11. Jahrh. in den Besitz der Mark Tuscien gelangte, und wurde berühmt durch die Buße des Kaisers Heinrich IV. vor… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Canossa — Canossa, s. Kanossa …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Canossa — Canossa, alte Grafschaft in Modena an Parmas Gränze, mit der Ruine des Bergschlosses C. bei Reggio, wo 951 Adelheid, König Lothars Wittwe, und später Kaiser Ottos d. Gr. Gemahlin belagert wurde und 1077 der excommunicirte Kaiser Heinrich IV. Buße …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Canossa — (izg. kanȍsa) ž DEFINICIJA 1. zamak u S Italiji pred kojim je 1077. ekskomunicirani njemački car Henrik IV, nakon dugotrajnog suprotstavljanja papinskom vrhovništvu, izvršio trodnevnu ponižavajuću pokoru i izmolio oprost od pape Grgura VII 2.… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Canossa — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 17}}ZOB. {{/stl 17}}{{stl 7}}iść [pójść] do Canossy {{/stl 7}} …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Canossa — Not to be confused with Canosa in southern Italy. Canossa   Comune   Comune di Canossa …   Wikipedia

  • Canossa — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Canossa (homonymie). Canossa Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

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