/kay"leuh/, n.Biblical name of Kalakh.
* * *modern NimrūdAncient city, Assyria.Lying south of modern Mosul, Iraq, it was founded in the 13th century BC by Shalmaneser I. It remained unimportant until the 9th century BC, when Ashurnasirpal II made it the capital of Assyria. It was the site of a religious building founded in 798 BC by Queen Sammu-remat (Semiramis of Greek legend). Excavations there have yielded thousands of carved ivories from the 9th–8th centuries BC.
* * *▪ ancient city, Iraqalso spelled Kalhu , or Kalakh , modern Nimrūdancient Assyrian city situated south of Mosul in northern Iraq. The city was first excavated by A.H. Layard during 1845–51 and afterward principally by M.E.L. (later Sir Max) Mallowan (1949–58).Founded in the 13th century BC by Shalmaneser I, Calah remained unimportant until King Ashurnasirpal II (reigned 883–859 BC) chose it as his royal seat and the military capital of Assyria. His extensive work on the Acropolis—which covered about 65 acres (26 hectares)—and the outer walled town was completed by his son Shalmaneser III and other monarchs. The most important religious building, founded in 798 by Queen Sammu-ramat (Semiramis of Greek legend), was Ezida, which included the temple of Nabu (Nebo), god of writing, and his consort Tashmetum (Tashmit). The temple library and an annex contained many religious and magical texts and several “treaties,” including the last will and testament of Esarhaddon (reigned 680–669). In the outer town the most important building is Ft. Shalmaneser, an arsenal that occupied at least 12 acres. This and other buildings have yielded thousands of carved ivories, mostly made in the 9th and 8th centuries BC, now one of the richest collections of ivory in the world.In the 7th century BC, Calah declined in importance because the Sargonids tended to use Nineveh as their residence; nonetheless it continued to be extensively occupied until the fall of Nineveh in 612 BC.
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Calah — One of the most ancient cities of Assyria. Out of that land he [i.e., Nimrod] went forth into Assyria, and built Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir, and Calah, and Resen (Gen. 10:11, R.V.). Its site is now marked probably by the Nimrud ruins on the left… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Calah — geographical name ancient city capital of Assyria on the Tigris 20 miles (32 kilometers) SE of modern Mosul, Iraq; site now called Nimrud … New Collegiate Dictionary
Calah — /kay leuh/, n. Biblical name of Kalakh … Useful english dictionary
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