Cajun

/kay"jeuhn/, n.
1. a member of a group of people with an enduring cultural tradition whose French Catholic ancestors established permanent communities in Louisiana and Maine after being expelled from Acadia in the late 18th century.
2. the French dialect of the Cajuns.
adj.
3. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Cajuns, esp. those of Louisiana: Cajun cooking.
Also, Cajan.
[1875-80; aph. var. of ACADIAN; cf. Injun for INDIAN]

* * *

Any descendant of French Canadians who in the 18th century were driven by the British from the captured French colony of Acadia (now Nova Scotia and adjacent areas) and settled in the fertile bayou lands of southern Louisiana, U.S. Many Cajuns speak a dialect of North American French.

U.S. census figures for Cajuns are deceptive; although in 2000 only some 85,000 people reported themselves to be Acadian/Cajun, the census form also included a French Canadian category, which may have confused the issue. Experts suggest that there are some 100,000 Cajuns in Texas and from 500,000 to 700,000 Cajuns in Louisiana. In recent decades Cajun cuisine, noted for its use of spicy seasonings, and zydeco music have become popular among non-Cajuns.

* * *

▪ American ethnic group
      descendant of French Canadians whom the British, in the 18th century, drove from the captured French colony of Acadia (now Nova Scotia and adjacent areas) and who settled in the fertile bayou lands of southern Louisiana. The Cajuns today form small, compact, self-contained communities and speak their own patois, a combination of archaic French forms with idioms taken from their English, Spanish, German, American Indian, and black neighbours. They variously raise cattle, corn (maize), yams, sugarcane, and cotton, and a few still perform much of their own spinning, weaving, and other home crafts. Their separateness, though often their own preference, is also the result of the prejudice of the non-Cajuns against them.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • cajun — cajun …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • cajun — [ kaʒœ̃ ] n. et adj. inv. en genre • 1885 cajan; altér. de acadien dans sa graphie anglaise ♦ Francophone de Louisiane qui parle une langue d origine acadienne. Les Cajuns. Adj. La musique, la cuisine cajun. Les parlers cajuns. ⇒ acadien. REM.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cajun — steht für: Cajun (Bevölkerungsgruppe) eine frankophone Bevölkerungsgruppe im US Bundesstaat Louisiana Cajun (Sprache) den Dialekt der Cajuns Cajun Küche die Küche der Cajuns Cajun Musik die Musik der Cajuns Cajun Country bzw. Acadiana eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cajún — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para el cohete, véase Cajun (cohete). Los Cajunes son un grupo étnico localizado en el estado de Luisiana (EE. UU.). Descienden de exiliados de Acadia durante la segunda mitad del siglo XVIII, tras la incorporación… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cajun — Ca jun, n. [A corruption of {Acadian}.] (Ethnol.) In Louisiana, a person reputed to be Acadian French descent. Also used attributively, as in Cajun cooking. [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cajun — 1868, Cagian, dialectic pronunciation of ACADIAN (Cf. Acadian), from Acadia, former French colony in what is now Canadian Maritimes. Its French setters were dispersed and exiled by the English and thousands made their way to New Orleans in the… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Cajun — (izg. kèđun) m DEFINICIJA 1. glazb. tradicionalna autohtona glazba iz Louisiane (SAD) nastala miješanjem raznih narodnih napjeva izvođenih a capella te plesova uz instrumentalnu pratnju dijatonske harmonike i violine 2. (mn) pripadnici manjinske… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Cajun — FIBRE Strong leaf fibre, obtained from the Puncraea cubensis, in Central America; similar to sisal …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • Cajun — ► NOUN ▪ a member of a French speaking community in the bayou areas of southern Louisiana, descended from French Canadians. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to the Cajuns. ORIGIN alteration of Acadian relating to Acadia , a former French colony in Canada… …   English terms dictionary

  • Cajun — ☆ Cajun or Cajan [kā′jən ] n. [< ACADIAN] 1. a native of Louisiana originally descended from Acadian French immigrants 2. the dialect of French spoken by the Cajuns adj. 1. of the Cajuns or their dialect or culture 2. of or in the style of… …   English World dictionary

  • Cajun — This article is about an ethnic culture. For other uses, see Cajun (disambiguation). Cajuns Total population 2 5 million[ …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.