- —caesaropapist, n., adj./see'zeuh roh pay"piz euhm/, n.1. the possession of supreme authority over church and state by one person, often by a secular ruler.2. the supremacy of the state over the church in ecclesiastical matters.[1885-90; CAESAR + -O- + PAPISM]
* * *Political system in which the head of the state is also the head of the church and supreme judge in religious matters.It is often associated with the Byzantine Empire, where emperors presided over church councils and appointed patriarchs. The term has also been applied to other historical eras, including the rule of Tsar Peter I, who made the Russian Orthodox Church a department of the state, and the reign of Henry VIII in England.
* * *political system in which the head of the state is also the head of the church and supreme judge in religious matters. The term is most frequently associated with the late Roman, or Byzantine, Empire (Byzantine Empire). Most modern historians recognize that the legal Byzantine texts speak of interdependence between the imperial and ecclesiastical structures rather than of a unilateral dependence of the latter; historians believe also that there was nothing in the Byzantine understanding of the Christian faith that would recognize the emperor as either doctrinally infallible or invested with priestly powers. Many historical instances of direct imperial pressure on the church ended in failure, e.g., the attempt of Zeno (474–491) and Anastasius I (491–518) in favour of monophysitism, and the efforts of Michael VIII Palaeologus (1259–82) in favour of union with Rome. John Chrysostom and most other authoritative Byzantine theologians denied imperial power over the church.It was normal practice, however, for the Eastern Roman emperor to act as the protector of the universal church and as the manager of its administrative affairs. Eusebius of Caesarea called Constantine “the overseer of external” (as opposed to spiritual) church problems (episkopos tōn ektos). Emperors presided over councils, and their will was decisive in the appointment of patriarchs and in determining the territorial limits of their jurisdiction. Emperor Justinian I, in the preface to his Novella 6 (535), described the ideal relation between the sacerdotium and the imperium as a “symphony,” an essentially dynamic and moral interpretation of church-state relations that did allow numerous abuses but was hardly a submission of the church to the state.Caesaropapism was more a reality in Russia, where the abuses of Ivan IV the Terrible went practically unopposed and where Peter the Great (Peter I) finally transformed the church into a department of the state (1721), although neither claimed to possess special doctrinal authority.The concept of caesaropapism has also been applied in Western Christendom—for example, to the reign of Henry VIII in England, as well as to the principle cujus regio, ejus religio (“religion follows the sovereign”), which prevailed in Germany after the Reformation.
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Caesaropapism — is the idea of combining the power of secular government with, or making it superior to, the spiritual authority of the Church; especially concerning the connection of the Church with government. The term caesaropapism (Cäseropapismus) was coined … Wikipedia
Caesaropapism — n. the doctrine that the state is supreme over the church in ecclesiastical matters. Syn: Erastianism, Byzantinism. [WordNet 1.5] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Caesaropapism — noun the doctrine that the state is supreme over the church in ecclesiastical matters • Syn: ↑Erastianism, ↑Byzantinism • Hypernyms: ↑theological doctrine * * * |sēzə(ˌ)rōˈpāˌpizəm noun ( s) Usag … Useful english dictionary
Caesaropapism — A term invented by 19th century western European scholars to describe how the Byzantine emperor (q.v.) allegedly acted as both caesar (i.e., emperor) and pope (qq.v.). The term infers that, in effect, the Byzantine church was under the control … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
caesaropapism — control of the church by a secular ruler Ecclesiastical Terms … Phrontistery dictionary
caesaropapism — cae·sa·ro·pa·pism … English syllables
caesaropapism — Цезаропапизм … Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов
Eastern Orthodoxy — the faith, practice, membership, and government of the Eastern Orthodox Church. * * * officially Orthodox Catholic Church One of the three major branches of Christianity. Its adherents live mostly in Greece, Russia, the Balkans, Ukraine, and the… … Universalium
Constantinian shift — Battle of the Milvian Bridge, Raphael, Vatican Rooms. The artist depicted the troops of Constantine bearing the labarum. Constantinian shift is a term used by Anabaptist and Post Christendom theologians to describe the political and theological… … Wikipedia
Church and state in medieval Europe — The relationship between the Church and the feudal states during the medieval period went through a number of developments, roughly from the end of the Roman Empire through to the beginning of the Reformation. The events of the struggles for… … Wikipedia