- /kahr nahr"veuhn shear', -sheuhr/, n.a historic county in Gwynedd, in NW Wales.
* * *historic county of northwestern Wales, bordered on the north by the Irish Sea, on the east by Denbighshire, on the south by the county of Merioneth and Cardigan Bay, and on the west by Caernarfon Bay and the Menai Strait, which separates it from Anglesey. The total area is 569 square miles (1,473 square km). Most of the historic county lies within the present and larger county of Gwynedd. The easternmost portion of Caernarvonshire, which drains into the River Conwy, forms part of the present county borough of Conwy.The earliest human settlements in the area of Caernarvonshire were Neolithic (c. 2000 BCE). A Neolithic stone-axe-making site was discovered near the town of Penmaenmawr, and the remains of a Bronze Age stone circle are located on the crest of a hill above the town. The culture of the Beaker folk had reached the area by about 1500 BCE, and finds suggest that in the Bronze Age it was crossed by important trade routes linking the Mediterranean, Ireland, and northern Europe. The area's inhabitants had adopted Celtic culture and language by 500–300 BCE, and a Celtic tribe, the Ordovices, occupied the region at the time of the Roman (ancient Rome) invasion (c. 61 CE). Complete Roman conquest of the area was achieved in 71–78, forts subsidiary to Deva (Chester) being established at Canovium (Caerhun, near Conwy) and at Segontium (Caernarfon). Many Christian sites date from about the 6th century.In the early Middle Ages the region was divided into three cantreds, or districts (Arllechwedd, Arfon, and Llyn). The cantreds eventually became part of the principality of Gwynedd, ruled by the prince of Aberffraw and lord of Snowdon, whose domain was protected from the west by the natural barrier of the Snowdon range.Following his conquest of Wales in 1282–83, England's Edward I annexed to the English crown the principality of Llewelyn the Last and divided it into three counties, of which Caernarvonshire was one. He built castles, founded English boroughs at Caernarfon and Conwy, and conferred borough status on the native settlement near the old Welsh castle of Criccieth. The revolt of Owen Glendower (Glendower, Owen) (1400–15) seriously affected the area. Fundamental changes in the county's economy culminated toward the close of the 15th century in the rise of landowning families, mostly Welsh, who were to dominate the life of Caernarvonshire until the mid-19th century.The late 18th and the 19th centuries were the period of religious revival and the Industrial Revolution. Slate and granite quarries were developed by their owners; quarrying villages sprang up, and ports flourished. At the same time, especially after the railway to Bangor from Chester was built in 1848, the county became a popular tourist area. Seaside resorts developed on the northern coasts, notably at Llandudno, and inland resorts developed at Betws-y-Coed, Llanberis, and Beddgelert. Throughout the centuries the county remained largely Welsh in speech and character, especially in areas away from the main lines of communication and the holiday resorts.
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Caernarvonshire — [kär när′vən shir΄, kär när′vənshər] former county of NW Wales, now part of Gwynedd: also Caernarvon … English World dictionary
Caernarvonshire — Caernarfonshire Le Caernarfonshire est le nom anglais, parfois écrit Caernarvonshire ou Carnarvonshire, de l ancien comté gallois Sir Gaernarfon, avec Caernarfon pour capitale, et qui est aujourd hui incorporé, comme l ancien comté voisin de… … Wikipédia en Français
caernarvonshire — kärˈnärvənˌshi(ə)r, kə(r)närv , shər adjective or caernarvon Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Caernarvonshire or county of Caernarvon, Wales : of or from the county of Caernarvon, Wales : of the kind or style prevalent in Caernarvon * * … Useful english dictionary
Caernarvonshire — geographical name see Caernarvon 1 … New Collegiate Dictionary
caernarvonshire — caer·nar·von·shire … English syllables
Caernarvonshire — Caer•nar•von•shire [[t]kɑrˈnɑr vənˌʃɪər, ʃər[/t]] n. geg a historic county in Gwynedd, in NW Wales Also called Caer•nar′von … From formal English to slang
Caernarvonshire — /kaˈnavənʃɪə/ (say kah nahvuhnshear), / ʃə/ (say shuh) noun a former county in north western Wales; now part of Gwynedd … Australian English dictionary
Caernarvonshire (UK Parliament constituency) — UK former constituency infobox Name = Caernarvonshire Type = County Year = 1542, 1918 Abolition = 1885, 1950Caernarvonshire was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707… … Wikipedia
Lord Lieutenant of Caernarvonshire — This is a list of people who served as Lord Lieutenant of Caernarvonshire. Since 1778, all Lord Lieutenants have also been Custos Rotulorum of Caernarvonshire. The post was abolished on 31 March 1974 and replaced with that of Lord Lieutenant of… … Wikipedia
Custos Rotulorum of Caernarvonshire — This is a list of people who have served as Custos Rotulorum of Caernarvonshire. Sir Richard Bulkeley c. 1544 John Wyn ap Meredith c. 1558 Maurice Wynn bef. 1562 – aft. 1577 Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester bef. 1579–1588 William Maurice bef … Wikipedia