Bryce Canyon National Park

a national park in SW Utah: rock formations.

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Park, southern Utah, U.S. It is not a true canyon but rather a series of natural amphitheatres below which stands an array of limestone and sandstone columns.

Its geology is related to that of Grand Canyon and Zion national parks, since the stone of all three was formed while the entire region was under a shallow sea. The park, established in 1928, covers 35,835 acres (14,513 hectares).

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 area of spectacular rock formations in southern Utah, U.S., roughly 40 miles (64 km) northeast of Zion National Park. The park actually is a series of natural amphitheatres rather than a canyon, below which stands an array of white, pink, and orange limestone and sandstone columns, spires, and walls sculpted by erosion. The amphitheatre called Bryce Canyon was named for Ebenezer Bryce, an early settler in the area. The park was created in 1928, five years after part of the present area (56 square miles [145 square km]) had been set aside as a national monument.

      The geologic history of the park is related to that of nearby Grand Canyon and Zion (Zion National Park) national parks, since the foundation stone of all three was laid down while the entire region was inundated by a shallow sea; the sandstone and limestone beds of Bryce Canyon, however, were formed more recently, during the past 60 million years (the Cenozoic Era). Some 13 million years ago the land began to rise slowly, and plateaus, or tablelands, rising as much as 2,000 feet (610 metres) above the surrounding countryside, were created along fault lines. From the eastern edge of the Paunsaugunt Plateau, erosion, caused largely by the freezing and thawing of water in the cracks of the rocks, carved a series of horseshoe-shaped amphitheatres. Within 12 of these amphitheatres and below the rim of the plateau are the colourful formations for which the park is noted, made mostly of limestone layered with sandstone; these structures include pinnacles, windowed walls, mazes, spires, cathedrals, recesses, and fins. Hiking and horseback riding trails that descend some 500 feet (150 metres) below the plateau's rim allow visitors access to the rock formations.

      The high-rim country of the park is part forest and part grass and sagebrush, with fir, pine, and aspen the dominant species of trees. At lower, drier elevations, piñon pine and Utah juniper predominate. The park harbours many mammals, including deer, porcupines, and chipmunks; prairie dogs, which had been eradicated from the park by the 1950s, were reestablished in the 1970s. Among the many bird species found in the area are woodpeckers, Steller's jay, the blue grouse, and ravens.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bryce Canyon National Park — Bryce Canyon Nationalpark Erosionsformen im Bryce Canyon …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bryce Canyon National Park —   [braɪs kænjən næʃənəl pɑːk], Nationalpark im südlichen Utah, USA, 145 km2; seit 1928. Durch Erosion entstanden hier in farbigen und verschieden widerstandsfähigen Kalken ungewöhnlicher Formen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bryce Canyon National Park — Infobox protected area | name = Bryce Canyon National Park iucn category = II caption = locator x = 60 locator y = 82 location = Garfield County and Kane County, Utah, USA nearest city = Tropic, Panguitch lat degrees = 37 lat minutes = 34 lat… …   Wikipedia

  • Bryce Canyon National Park — Parc national de Bryce Canyon Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bryce. Parc national de Bryce Canyon Bryce Canyon National Park Catégorie II de la CMAP (Parc national) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bryce Canyon National Park — Sp Bráiso Kanjòno nacionãlinis párkas Ap Bryce Canyon National Park L JAV (Juta) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Bryce Canyon National Park — Bryce′ Can′yon Na′tional Park′ n. geg a national park in SW Utah: colorful rock formations …   From formal English to slang

  • Bryce Canyon National Park — noun a national park in Utah having multicolored rock erosions • Instance Hypernyms: ↑national park • Part Holonyms: ↑Utah, ↑Beehive State, ↑Mormon State, ↑UT * * * a national park in SW Utah: rock formations …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bryce Canyon National Park — geographical name reservation S Utah NE of Zion National Park …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Bryce Canyon National Park — This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Bryce Canyon National Park. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Bryce Canyon National Park,… …   Wikipedia

  • Old Administration Building (Bryce Canyon National Park) — Administration Building, Old U.S. National Register of Historic Places …   Wikipedia

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