bruise

/broohz/, v., bruised, bruising, n.
v.t.
1. to injure by striking or pressing, without breaking the skin: The blow bruised his arm. Her pinching bruised the peaches.
2. to injure or hurt slightly, as with an insult or unkind remark: to bruise a person's feelings.
3. to crush (drugs or food) by beating or pounding.
4. Metalworking. to injure the surface of (an ingot or finished object) by collision.
v.i.
5. to develop or bear a discolored spot on the skin as the result of a blow, fall, etc.
6. to become injured slightly: His feelings bruise easily.
n.
7. an injury due to bruising; contusion.
[bef. 900; ME bro(o)sen, bres(s)en, bris(s)en, bruisen, repr. OE brysan, bresan and AF bruser, OF bruisier, akin to briser to break; see BRISANCE]

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Visible bluish or purplish mark beneath the surface of unbroken skin, indicating burst blood vessels in deeper tissue layers.

Bruises are usually caused by a blow or pressure, but they may occur spontaneously in elderly persons. The yellowish hue that becomes visible as a bruise heals comes from the disintegration and gradual absorption of blood.

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      a visible bluish or purplish mark or patch occurring beneath the surface of unbroken skin, resulting from the rupture of blood vessels in the deeper layers of subcutaneous tissues. Bruises are usually caused by a blow or pressure but, in aged persons, may occur spontaneously. In healing, the colour of the bruise gradually fades away into a yellowish hue, as a result of the formation of bile pigments and the disintegration and gradual absorption of blood.

      In hemophilia, if untreated, bruises of the skin and soft tissue may be almost always present.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bruise — (br[udd]z), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Bruised}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Bruising}.] [OE. brusen, brisen, brosen, bresen, AS. br?san or fr. OF. bruiser, bruisier, bruser, to break, shiver, perh. from OHG. brochis[=o]n. Cf. {Break}, v. t.] 1. To injure, as by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bruise — Bruise, n. An injury to the flesh of animals, or to plants, fruit, etc., with a blunt or heavy instrument, or by collision with some other body; a contusion; as, a bruise on the head; bruises on fruit. [1913 Webster] From the sole of the foot… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bruise — Bruise, v. i. To fight with the fists; to box. [1913 Webster] Bruising was considered a fine, manly, old English custom. Thackeray. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bruise — vb *crush, mash, smash, squash, macerate Analogous words: batter, mangle, *maim: *press, squeeze bruise n *wound, contusion, trauma, traumatism, lesion …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • bruise — [n] black and blue mark under skin black eye, black mark, blemish, boo boo*, contusion, discoloration, injury, mark, mouse*, swelling, wale, wound; concept 309 bruise [v] break blood vessel; discolor bang up, batter, beat, black, blacken, blemish …   New thesaurus

  • bruise — ► NOUN 1) an injury appearing as an area of discoloured skin on the body, caused by a blow rupturing underlying blood vessels. 2) a similar area of damage on a fruit, vegetable, or plant. ► VERB 1) inflict a bruise on. 2) be susceptible to… …   English terms dictionary

  • bruise — [bro͞oz] vt. bruised, bruising [ME bruisen < OE brysan, to crush, pound < IE base * bhreus , to smash, crush; ME form & meaning infl. by OFr bruisier, to break, shatter < Gaul * brus < same IE base] 1. to injure (body tissue), as by a …   English World dictionary

  • bruise — index beat (strike), damage, harm, ill use, lash (strike), mistreat, mutilate …   Law dictionary

  • Bruise — Black and blue redirects here. For other uses, see Black and Blue (disambiguation). Bruises redirects here. For the 2008 rock song, see Bruises (song). Bruise Classification and external resources Bruises from a ladder fall …   Wikipedia

  • bruise — [[t]bru͟ːz[/t]] bruises, bruising, bruised 1) N COUNT A bruise is an injury which appears as a purple mark on your body, although the skin is not broken. How did you get that bruise on your cheek?... She was treated for cuts and bruises. 2) V ERG …   English dictionary

  • Bruise — A bruise or "contusion" is an traumatic injury of the soft tissues which results in breakage of the local capillaries and leakage of red blood cells. In the skin it can be seen as a reddish purple discoloration that does not blanch when …   Medical dictionary

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