Bran

/bran/, n.
1. Welsh Legend. a king of Britain and the brother of Manawydan and Branwen: his head was buried at London as a magical defense against invasion. He was sometimes regarded as a sea god or Christian saint.
2. a male given name, form of Brandon.

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In Celtic religion, a gigantic deity described in the Mabinogion as king of Britain.

He was so large that he and his court lived in a tent rather than a house. When Brân was mortally wounded, he asked his companions to cut off his head and keep it with them, telling them it would provide entertainment and allow them to forget their sorrows. His companions passed 80 joyous years, eventually following his instructions and burying the head on the White Mount in London, where it protected England from invaders until it was finally unearthed.

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▪ Celtic god
      (Celtic: “Raven”), gigantic Celtic deity who figured in the Mabinogion (a collection of medieval Welsh tales) as “crowned king over this Island” (i.e., Britain). Because of his stature, he and his court had to live in a tent, as no house had ever been built large enough to contain him. The most important aspect of Brân's myth concerned his wondrous severed head. The ancient Celts worshiped the human head and believed it to be the seat of the soul, capable of independent life after the death of the body. They thought that it possessed powers of prophecy and was symbolic of fertility. They also believed that one of its functions was to provide entertainment in the otherworld.

      According to the myth, Brân had been mortally wounded and requested his companions to cut off his head. He instructed them to take the head with them on their wanderings, telling them that it would not only provide them with marvelous entertainment and companionship but would also remain uncorrupted as long as they refrained from opening a certain forbidden door. If that door were opened, they would find themselves back in the real world and would remember all their sorrows. Eventually, they were to take the head and bury it on the White Mount in London. All happened as Brân had prophesied, and his companions passed 80 joyous and delightful years. The head was buried in London, where it kept away all invaders from Britain until it was finally unearthed. Brân is also the hero of The Voyage of Brân (see imram).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • bran — bran …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • bran — [ brɑ̃ ] n. m. • bren XIIe ; lat. pop. °brennus, rad. gaul. °brenno 1 ♦ Partie la plus grossière du son. Par anal. Bran de scie : sciure de bois. 2 ♦ (XVe) Région. Excrément. On trouve aussi BREN [ brɑ̃; brɛ̃ ] …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • bran — (bran) s. m. 1°   Partie du son la plus grossière.    Bran de Judas, tache de rousseur au visage. Locution vieillie, et qui vient sans doute de ce qu on se représenta Judas roux. 2°   Bran de scie, poudre qui tombe du bois quand on le scie.… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Bran — Törzburg Törcsvár …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bran — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bran puede hacer referencia a: Bran, municipio de Rumanía. Bran, comuna francesa en Charente Marítimo. Bran mac Febal, navegante legendario irlandés. Bran el Bendito, caudillo mítico de la Britannia pagana. Bran es… …   Wikipedia Español

  • bran — BRAN. subst. m. Matière fécale. Il est bas. f♛/b] On appelle bassement Bran de Judas, Certaines taches de rousseur qui viennent au visage et aux mains. On appelle Bran de son, La plus grosse partie du son; et Bran de scie, La poudre du bois qu on …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Bran — Bran, n. [OE. bren, bran, OF. bren, F. bran, from Celtic; cf. Armor. brenn, Ir. bran, bran, chaff.] 1. The broken coat of the seed of wheat, rye, or other cereal grain, separated from the flour or meal by sifting or bolting; the coarse, chaffy… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bran — bran. (Del fr. branle, cierto baile antiguo). bran de Inglaterra. m. Baile usado antiguamente en España. * * * Pequeña ciudad situada en Transilvania, junto a la frontera con Valaquia (actualmente, Rumania) en plenos Cárpatos Transilvanos.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • bran — Bran, m. Combien qu il signifie du son, Furfur, si est il usurpé aussi pour l excrement de l homme, Stercus. Selon cette acception l on dit avec indignation et desdaing à quelqu un, Bran, bran, ou Bran pour vous, Stercoreris, ou Stercus tibi. Et… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • bran — ou Bren. s. m. Matiere fecale. On appelle, Bran de Judas, Certaines taches de rousseur qui viennent au visage. Bran de vin. s. m. Terme dont on se sert ordinairement dans les armées pour signifier de l eau de vie. On appelle, Bran de son, La plus …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

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