Boyle's law

Thermodynam.
the principle that, for relatively low pressures, the pressure of an ideal gas kept at constant temperature varies inversely with the volume of the gas. Also called Mariotte's law. Cf. Gay-Lussac's law.
[named after R. BOYLE]

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also called  Mariotte's Law,  

      a relation concerning the compression and expansion of a gas at constant temperature. This empirical relation, formulated by the physicist Robert Boyle in 1662, states that the pressure (p) of a given quantity of gas varies inversely as its volume (v) at constant temperature; i.e., in equation form, pv = k, a constant. The relationship was also discovered by the French physicist Edme Mariotte (Mariotte, Edme) (1676).

      The law can be derived from the kinetic theory of gases assuming a perfect (ideal) gas (see perfect gas). Real gases obey Boyle's law at sufficiently low pressures, although the product pv generally decreases slightly at higher pressures, where the gas begins to depart from ideal behaviour.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Boyle's law — Law Law (l[add]), n. [OE. lawe, laghe, AS. lagu, from the root of E. lie: akin to OS. lag, Icel. l[ o]g, Sw. lag, Dan. lov; cf. L. lex, E. legal. A law is that which is laid, set, or fixed; like statute, fr. L. statuere to make to stand. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Boyle's law — bȯi(ə)lz n a statement in physics: the volume of a gas at constant temperature varies inversely with the pressure exerted on it Boyle Robert (1627 1691) British physicist. Considered one of the fathers of modern chemistry, Boyle is known especia …   Medical dictionary

  • Boyle's law — See under {Law}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Boyle's law — named for Irish born chemist and physicist Robert Boyle (1627 1691), who first published it in 1662 …   Etymology dictionary

  • Boyle's law — Boyle s′ law′ n. thr the principle that, for relatively low pressures, the pressure of an ideal gas kept at constant temperature varies inversely with the volume of the gas • Etymology: after R. Boyle …   From formal English to slang

  • Boyle's law — n. [after BOYLE Robert] the statement that for a body of ideal gas at constant temperature the volume is inversely proportional to the pressure …   English World dictionary

  • Boyle's law — An animation showing the relationship between pressure and volume when amount and temperature are held constant. Boyle s law (sometimes referred to as the Boyle Mariotte law) is one of many gas laws and a special case of the ideal gas law. Boyle… …   Wikipedia

  • Boyle's law — n. the law that the pressure of a given mass of gas is inversely proportional to its volume at a constant temperature. Etymology: Robert Boyle, Irish scientist d. 1691 * * * noun the pressure of an ideal gas at constant temperature varies… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Boyle-Charles law — Boilio, Marioto ir Gei Liusako dėsnis statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. Boyle Charles law; Boyle Gay Lussac law vok. Boyle Charlessches Gesetz, n; Boyle Mariotte Gay Lussacsches Gesetz, n rus. закон Бойля Мариотта и Гей Люссака, m pranc …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • Boyle-Mariotte law — Boilio ir Marioto dėsnis statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. Boyle and Mariotte law; Boyle Mariotte law vok. Boyle Mariottesches Gesetz, n rus. закон Бойля Мариотта, m pranc. loi de Boyle Mariotte, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

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