- a group of islands in Papua New Guinea, in the W central Pacific Ocean, including the Admiralty Islands, New Britain, New Ireland, and adjacent islands. ab. 23,000 sq. mi. (59,570 sq. km).
* * *Island group, western Pacific Ocean.Lying northwest of New Guinea, it forms part of Papua New Guinea. It has a total area of 19,173 sq mi (49,658 sq km); its largest components include New Britain, New Ireland, the Admiralty Islands, and New Hanover (Lavongai). Annexed by Germany in 1884, it was named for Otto von Bismarck. Occupied by Australia in 1914, it was made a mandated territory of Australia in 1920. The group became part of the UN Trust Territory of New Guinea after World War II and part of Papua New Guinea when it attained independence in 1975.
* * *▪ islands, Papua New Guineaisland group of Papua New Guinea in the Bismarck Sea, southwestern Pacific Ocean, that lies northeast of the island of New Guinea. The largest components of the archipelago, which has a total land area of about 18,600 square miles (48,200 square km), are New Britain, New Ireland, the Admiralty Islands, New Hanover (Lavongai), and the smaller Duke of York Group, St. Matthias Group, and Witu (Vitu) Islands. The islands are generally volcanic or formed of raised coral limestone and are heavily forested.Annexed by Germany in 1884, the archipelago was named for the German statesman Otto von Bismarck (Bismarck, Otto von). The Germans developed copra plantations, but nonnative diseases carried by the Europeans killed many people on the islands. The archipelago was occupied by Australia in 1914 and made a mandated territory of Australia in 1920. The group was seized with little difficulty by Japan during World War II; Rabaul and other villages on the islands suffered heavy damage when Allied troops recaptured the area over the course of six weeks in 1944. The archipelago was subsequently made part of the UN Trust Territory of New Guinea, administered by Australia. When Papua New Guinea attained independence in 1975, the group became part of that country.The economic mainstay of the islands is copra, with some lumbering and, more recently, cocoa and oil palm. Yams, sago, taro, bananas, and fish are the basic foods of the archipelago.
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Bismarck Archipelago — group of islands north and east of New Guinea; part of Papua New Guinea: 19,200 sq mi (49,728 sq km) … English World dictionary
Bismarck Archipelago — The Bismarck Archipelago is a group of islands off the northeastern coast of New Guinea in the western Pacific Ocean and part of Papua New Guinea.HistoryThe first inhabitants of the Archipelago arrived around 33,000 years ago after sailing from… … Wikipedia
Bismarck Archipelago — geographical name archipelago W Pacific N of E end of New Guinea area 19,173 square miles (49,658 square kilometers) … New Collegiate Dictionary
BISMARCK ARCHIPELAGO — (188), an archipelago formerly called New Britain, NE. of New Guinea; under the protectorate of Germany … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Bismarck Archipelago — noun a group of islands in the southwestern Pacific to the northeast of New Guinea; part of Papua New Guinea • Instance Hypernyms: ↑archipelago • Part Holonyms: ↑Melanesia, ↑Papua New Guinea, ↑Independent State of Papua New Guinea • Part Meronyms … Useful english dictionary
Bismarck Archipelago — isl. group, Trust Territory of New Guinea; 19,200 sq. mi … Webster's Gazetteer
Bismarck Archipelago — Bis′marck Archipel′ago n. geg a group of islands in Papua New Guinea, in the SW Pacific Ocean, including the Admiralty Islands, New Britain, New Ireland, and adjacent islands. ab. 23,000 sq. mi. (59,570 sq. km) … From formal English to slang
Bismarck Archipelago — /ˌbɪzmak akəˈpɛləgoʊ/ (say .bizmahk ahkuh peluhgoh) noun a group of islands in the south western Pacific, north east of New Guinea and forming part of PNG, including the Admiralty Islands, New Hanover, New Ireland and adjacent islands … Australian English dictionary
Bismarck-Archipel — Karte des Bismarck Archipels Gewässer Pazifischer Ozean … Deutsch Wikipedia
Archipelago (disambiguation) — Archipelago may refer to:In geography:* Archipelago, a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands * The Archipelago, Ontario, a township in Canada on Georgian Bay * Duchy of the Archipelago, a maritime state created in the Aegean… … Wikipedia