biotic potential

the capacity of a population of organisms to increase in numbers under optimum environmental conditions.

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      the maximum reproductive capacity of an organism under optimum environmental conditions. It is often expressed as a proportional or percentage increase per year, as in the statement “The human population increased by 3 percent last year.” It can also be expressed as the time it takes for a population to double in size (doubling time). In disease-related studies it is comparable to the “force of infection,” the number of susceptible individuals each infected individual further infects.

      Full expression of the biotic potential of an organism is restricted by environmental resistance, any factor that inhibits the increase in number of the population. These factors include unfavourable climatic conditions; lack of space, light, or a suitable substrate; deficiencies of necessary chemical compounds or minerals; and the inhibiting effects of predators, parasites, disease organisms, or unfavourable genetic changes.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Biotic potential — is the maximum reproductive capacity of a population under optimum environmental conditions. Full expression of the biotic potential of an organism is restricted by environmental resistance, any condition that inhibits the increase in number of… …   Wikipedia

  • biotic potential — biotinis potencialas statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Gyvųjų organizmų geba išlikti biotope arba rūšies geba įveikti aplinkos pasipriešinimą (fizinių ir biologinių veiksnių sukeltus trukdžius). atitikmenys: angl. biotic… …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • biotic potential — noun 1. : the inherent capacity of an organism or species to reproduce and survive, being usually expressed in terms of numbers that could be produced under optimum conditions and in the absence of environmental resistance 2. : carrying capacity… …   Useful english dictionary

  • biotic potential — 1. The reproductive potential of a species. 2. An estimate of the rate of increase of a species in the absence of predators, parasites or other inhibiting factors …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

  • biotic potential — noun Date: 1928 the inherent capacity of an organism or species to reproduce and survive …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • biotic potential — the maximum rate that a population can increase when there are no limits on rate of growth …   Dictionary of ichthyology

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  • potential — 1. Capable of doing or being, although not yet doing or being; possible, but not actual. 2. A state of tension in an electric source enabling it to do work under suitable conditions; in relation to electricity, p. is analogous to the temperature… …   Medical dictionary

  • reproductive potential — reproductive potential. = biotic potential (см.). (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

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