Berwick-upon-Tweed

/ber"ik euh pon'tweed"/, n.
a town in N Northumberland, in N England, on the North Sea at the mouth of the Tweed. 25,700. Also called Berwick.

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      town and borough (district), administrative and historic county of Northumberland, England, in the northernmost portion of England.

      From the 12th century, when the River Tweed became the boundary between England and Scotland, the border town of Berwick was disputed between English and Scots but, after changing hands 13 times, was finally surrendered to England in 1482. Its ramparts were originally built by Edward I, who gave the town its first English charter in 1302; rebuilt by Elizabeth I, they are in good repair, but little remains of the Norman castle, which was already in ruins when its site was encroached upon to make way for the railway station. The parish church (1648–52) is noteworthy as one of the few built during the Commonwealth. The oldest of the three bridges that cross the Tweed near Berwick dates from 1634; the modern road bridge was built in 1928. Upstream the railway is carried by the Royal Border Bridge, a striking viaduct 126 feet (38 metres) high with 28 arches, built by Robert Stephenson in 1847–50.

      The mainly rural and agricultural borough extends southeastward along the North Sea coast—including Bamburgh Castle, Holy Island (Lindisfarne), and the Farne Islands—and southwestward to the Cheviot Hills. Area borough, 377 square miles (976 square km). Pop. (2001) borough, 25,948.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Berwick-upon-Tweed — Berwick upon Tweed …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Berwick-Upon-Tweed —    BERWICK UPON TWEED, a port, borough, market town, parish, and county of itself, 55 miles (E. by S.) from Edinburgh, and 334 (N. by W.) from London; containing 8484 inhabitants. The name of this town, which Leland supposes to have been… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Berwick upon Tweed — (spr. bérrick öpönn tŭīd), Hafenstadt (municipal borough) in der engl. Grafschaft Northumberland, an der Mündung des Tweed in die Nordsee, hat eine got. Kirche aus dem 17. Jahrh., ein Theater, 2 Lateinschulen und (1901) 13,437 Einw. Eine Brücke… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Berwick upon-Tweed — Berwick upon Tweed, James Stuart Fitz James, duque de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Berwick-upon-Tweed — infobox UK place country = England official name= Berwick upon Tweed scots name= Berwick latitude= 55.771 longitude= 2.007 population = 11,665 (2001 Census) shire district= Berwick upon Tweed shire county = Northumberland region= North East… …   Wikipedia

  • Berwick-upon-Tweed — 55.771388888889 2.0063888888889 Koordinaten: 55° 46′ N, 2° 0′ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Berwick-Upon-Tweed — Original name in latin Berwick Upon Tweed Name in other language Bervik apon Tvid, Berwick, Berwick on Tweed, Berwick Upon Tweed, Berwick upon Tweed, Бервик апон Твид State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 55.78333 latitude 2… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Berwick-upon-Tweed — /ber ik euh pon tweed /, n. a town in N Northumberland, in N England, on the North Sea at the mouth of the Tweed. 25,700. Also called Berwick. * * * Berwick upon Tweed [Berwick upon Tweed] [ˌberɪk əpɒn ˈtwiːd] [ˌberɪkəpɑːnˈtwiːd] a town at the… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Berwick-upon-Tweed — /bɛrɪk əpɒn ˈtwid/ (say berik uhpon tweed) noun a town in England, in northern Northumberland, the scene of many border disputes between England and Scotland between the 12th and 16th centuries …   Australian English dictionary

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