bergamot

/berr"geuh mot', -meuht/, n.
1. a small citrus tree, Citrus aurantium bergamia, having fruit with a rind that yields a fragrant essential oil.
2. Also called essence of bergamot. the oil or essence itself.
3. any of various plants of the mint family, as Monarda fistulosa, yielding an oil resembling essence of bergamot.
4. a variety of pear.
[1610-20; < F bergamote < It bergamotta < Ottoman Turk; cf. Mod Turk bey armudlu lit., bey's pear (bey BEY + armut pear ( < Pers) + -u 3d sing. possessive suffix); It form perh. by assoc. with BERGAMO, BERGAMA, with -otta as alter. to a familiar suffix; the citrus appar. so called from its resemblance to the pear]

* * *

Any of several North American perennial plants of the mint family, also known as bee balm, fragrant balm, and Indian's plume.

The leaves are used as an herb to flavour tea, punches, lemonade, and other cold drinks. Monarda didyma, native to the U.S., is made into Oswego tea, a beverage used by the American Indian Oswego tribe and said to be the drink adopted by the 18th-century colonists during their boycott of British tea. The pear-shaped fruit of the bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia), found chiefly in Calabria, Italy, is valued by the flavouring and perfume industries for the essential oil extracted from its peel. The bergamot pear, a popular winter pear cultivated in Britain, is a large, round fruit with yellowish green skin.

* * *

herb
      any of several North American perennial plants of the mint family, Lamiaceae (or Labiatae); their leaves are used as an herb. Monarda didyma, a variety native to the United States, is made into Oswego tea, a beverage used by the Oswego tribe of American Indians and said to be the drink adopted by American colonists during their boycott of British tea. The leaves are also used to flavour punches, lemonade, and other cold drinks. Other names for the aromatic herb include bee balm, fragrant balm, and Indian's plume.

      The bergamot orange, Citrus bergamia, is found chiefly in the south Italian province of Calabria and yields a pear-shaped fruit valued by the flavouring and perfume industries for the essential oil extracted from its peel. The bergamot pear, a popular winter pear cultivated in Britain since the time of the Romans, is a large, round fruit with a yellowish green skin that has russet markings.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bergamot — Ber ga*mot (b[ e]r g[.a]*m[o^]t), n. [F. bergamote, fr. It. bergamotta; prob. a corruption of Turk. beg arm[=u]di a lord s pear.] 1. (Bot.) (a) A tree of the Orange family ({Citrus bergamia}), having a roundish or pear shaped fruit, from the rind …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bergamot — may refer to: *Bergamot orange, a citrus fruit used in Earl Grey tea *HMS Bergamot , one of two ships of the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom * Monarda didyma , a herbee also* Mentha citrata *Bergamot Station …   Wikipedia

  • bergamot — BERGAMÓT, Ă adj. v. pergamut. Trimis de cata, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  bergamót/pergamút adj. m., pl. bergamóţi/pergamúţi; f. sg. bergamótă/pergamútă, pl. bergamóte/pergamúte …   Dicționar Român

  • bergamot — type of citrus tree, also its fruit, both similar to bitter orange, and the essence prepared from the oil of the rind of the fruit, 1690s, from Fr. bergamote (17c.), from It. bergamotta, named for Bergamo, town in Italy. The name is Roman… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Bergamot — A cheap tapestry fabric from Italy, with a cotton or flax warp and goat s hair weft, or mixed weft. The mixed weft is ox or goat s hair and cotton or hemp. The fabric is used locally and was first produced at Bergamo, Italy, hence the name …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • bergamot — ► NOUN 1) an oily substance extracted from a variety of Seville orange, used as flavouring in Earl Grey tea. 2) an aromatic herb of the mint family. ORIGIN named after Bergamo in northern Italy …   English terms dictionary

  • bergamot — [bʉr′gə mät΄] n. [Fr bergamote < It bergamotta < Turk beg armûdī, prince s pear (< beg,BEY + armūdi, pear); form infl. by BERGAMO] 1. a small evergreen tree (Citrus bergamia) of the rue family, grown in S Europe 2. its pear shaped,… …   English World dictionary

  • bergamot — I. /ˈbɜgəmɒt/ (say berguhmot) noun 1. a small tree of the citrus family, Citrus bergamia, the rind of whose fruit yields a fragrant essential oil (essence of bergamot). 2. the oil or essence itself. 3. any of various plants of the mint family, as …   Australian English dictionary

  • bergamot — A type of orange tree grown in Italy. The essential oil from the peel of this orange is used in perfume, to get rid of insects, and to flavor tea. Bergamot oil is also used in aromatherapy for depression, anxiety, and poor digestion. The… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • bergamot — noun Etymology: French bergamote, from Italian bergamotta, modification of Turkish bey armudu, literally, the bey s pear Date: 1650 1. a pear shaped orange of a Mediterranean tree (Citrus aurantium bergamia) having a rind that yields an essential …   New Collegiate Dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.