benzoin

benzoin1
/ben"zoh in, -zoyn, ben zoh"in/, n.
1. Also called gum benjamin, gum benzoin. a reddish-brown, aromatic balsamic resin occurring in almondlike fragments and having a vanillalike odor, obtained from trees of the genus Styrax, esp. S. benzoin, of Java, Sumatra, etc.: used in the manufacture of perfume and cosmetics and in medicine internally as an expectorant and externally as an antiseptic.
2. Also called benjamin, benjamin-bush. any plant belonging to the genus Lindera (Benzoin), of the laurel family, including the spicebush and similar aromatic plants.
[1550-60; earlier benjoin < MF < Pg beijoim and Sp benjuí < Ar luban jawi frankincense of Java (lu- prob. constructed as the definite article); z of benzoin < It benzoi Ar]
benzoin2
/ben"zoh in, -zoyn, ben zoh"in/, n. Chem.
a white, slightly water-soluble powder, C14H12O2, derived by the condensation of benzaldehyde in the presence of potassium cyanide, and used in organic synthesis.
[BENZO- + -IN2]

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Benzoin — IUPAC name …   Wikipedia

  • Benzoin — Ben*zoin (b[e^]n*zoin ), n. [Cf. F. benjoin, Sp. benjui, Pg. beijoin; all fr. Ar. lub[=a]n j[=a]w[=i] incense form Sumatra (named Java in Arabic), the first syllable being lost. Cf. {Benjamin}.] Note: [Called also {benjamin}.] 1. A resinous… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • benzoin — balsamic resin obtained from a tree (Styrax benzoin) of Indonesia, 1560s (earlier as bengewine, 1550s), from M.Fr. benjoin (16c.), which comes via Spanish, Portuguese, or Italian from Arabic luban jawi incense of Java (actually Sumatra, with… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Benzoin — Benzoin, Benzol u. Benzon, s.u. Benzoyl B) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Benzoīn — Benzoīn, Baum, s. Styrax …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • benzoin — [ben′zō in΄, ben zō′in; ben′zoin΄] n. [Fr benjoin < It benzoino < Ar lubān jāwī, incense of Java: lu dropped because falsely assumed to be the article] 1. a balsamic resin obtained from certain tropical Asiatic trees (genus Styrax of the… …   English World dictionary

  • Benzoin — Strukturformel Allgemeines Name Benzoin Andere Namen 2 Hy …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Benzoin — Ben|zo|in [zu ↑ Benzoe], das; s, e: Syn.: 2 Hydroxy 1,2 diphenylethanon: ein ↑ Acyloin, das natürlicherweise im Benzoeharz (Benzoin) vorkommt oder durch Benzoin Addition (früher: B. Kondensation, vgl. Acyloin Addition) herzustellen ist. * * *… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • benzoin — benzoinis stirakas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Stirakinių šeimos prieskoninis, vaistinis augalas (Styrax benzoin), paplitęs atogrąžų Azijoje. Iš jo gaunami lipai, eterinis aliejus ir derva. atitikmenys: lot. Styrax benzoin angl.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • benzoin — A balsamic resin obtained from Styrax b. (family Styracaceae), used as a stimulant expectorant, but usually by inhalation in laryngitis and bronchitis; it retards rancidification of fats and is used for this purpose in the official benzoinated… …   Medical dictionary

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