- Belo Horizonte
/be"loo aw'rddi zawonn"ti/a city in SE Brazil. 1,814,990.Also, Bello Horizonte.
* * *Capital of Minas Gerais state, it lies on the western slope of the Serra do Espinhaço at an elevation of 2,811 ft (857 m). The site was chosen in the late 19th century to accommodate expansions that the former capital could not. Brazil's first planned city, it was laid out on a radiating pattern following the models of Washington, D.C., and La Plata, Arg. It is the hub of a large agricultural region and the area's commercial and industrial centre.
* * *▪ Brazilcity, southern Minas Gerais estado (state), southeastern Brazil. It lies on the western slope of the Serra do Espinhaço, at an elevation of 2,720 feet (830 m). The first of Brazil's planned cities, Belo Horizonte occupies a wide plateau encircled by the Serra do Curral del Rey, a hilly ridge forming the “beautiful horizon” for which the city was named. Belo Horizonte lies on the eastern edge of the sertão, or dry interior, of Brazil. The site was chosen in the late 19th century after the city of Ouro Preto, enclosed within a narrow valley 50 miles (80 km) southeast, was abandoned as the state capital because it could not accommodate the necessary expansions. Belo Horizonte was laid out on a grid, modeled after Washington, D.C., in the United States and La Plata in Argentina. The city was inaugurated as the capital of Minas Gerais in 1897 under the name Cidade de Minas, adopting its present name in 1901. Originally designed with an area of 8 square miles (20 square km), Belo Horizonte is now many times that size, having surpassed a target population of 200,000 people by 1925.Belo Horizonte is the hub of the state's large central region, with extensive mining and livestock activity throughout the sertão west of the city and heavy industry in its suburbs. It is the regional commercial centre as well, with vigorous activity in banking, commerce, and administration. The city's older, longer-established industries include publishing, textiles, furniture, and food processing. The steady growth of heavy industry since 1950, however, has made Belo Horizonte one of the largest industrial centres in Brazil. Electrical generating facilities and plants manufacturing and working iron and steel have been established, primarily in the industrial suburb of Contagem, and a large oil refinery and automobile factories have been constructed in nearby Betim. Auto parts and consumer goods industries have multiplied in their wake.Despite the upsurge in industrial activity, Belo Horizonte has remained relatively pollution free, and a considerable number of tourists are attracted by the impressive buildings and the wide tree-lined avenues radiating from the city centre like the spokes of a wheel. The nearby suburb of Pampulha is noted for its bold architecture, exemplified by Oscar Niemeyer's Chapel of São Francisco, decorated by Cándido Portinari. Notable sights in the city centre include the Municipal Park, the broad tree-lined Afonso Pena Avenue, and the Liberdade Palácio (Portuguese: “Freedom Palace”), which houses the governor's offices.Belo Horizonte is an important cultural centre, having several museums, including the Palace of the Arts and the Mineiro Museum, as well as a music conservatory, a ballet school, a technical college, and a wide range of secondary and primary schools. The Federal University of Minas Gerais (1927) and the Catholic University of Minas Gerais (1958) are situated in Belo Horizonte. The Mineirão stadium, also located in the city, is one of the largest football (soccer) stadiums in the country. The city has a subway, and major highways and railroads extend from the city in all directions, linking it to communities in the sertão as well as to the main population centres of Brazil's Atlantic coast. A domestic airport in Pampulha serves the Belo Horizonte metropolitan area, and there is an international airport on the outskirts at Confins. Pop. (2005 est.) city, 2,375,300; metropolitan area, 5,391,284.
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Belo Horizonte — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Belo Horizonte Municipio de Brasil … Wikipedia Español
Belo Horizonte — Belo Horizonte … Deutsch Wikipedia
Belo horizonte — 19° 49′ 01″ S 43° 57′ 21″ W / 19.8169444, 43.9558333 … Wikipédia en Français
Belo Horizonte — Belo Horizonte … Wikipédia en Français
BELO HORIZONTE — Ville du Brésil, capitale de l’État de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte fut créée au début du XXe siècle. Peuplée seulement de 13 972 habitants en 1900, la ville abritait une population estimée à 2 049 000 habitants en 1991 (3 460 000 hab. pour… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Belo Horizonte — (Almádena,Португалия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Cerro dos Vales, Almadena, 8600 102 Al … Каталог отелей
Belo Horizonte — es la capital del estado brasileño de Minas Gerais desde el año 1897, substituyendo a la colonial ciudad de Ouro Preto. Fue planeada por el ingeniero Araão Reis entre los años 1894 y 1897, y fue la primera ciudad moderna brasileña planeada.… … Enciclopedia Universal
Belo Horizonte — [bɛlori zonti], Hauptstadt des Bundesstaates Minas Gerais, Brasilien, 820 1 000 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 2,09 Mio. Einwohner; die Stadt liegt in einem wichtigen Agrargebiet sowie im Bereich des »Eisernen Vierecks«, einer der größten… … Universal-Lexikon
Belo Horizonte — [bā′lō hôr΄ə zän′tē; ] Port [ be΄lō̂ rē zō̂n′te] city in SE Brazil: capital of Minas Gerais state: pop. 2,049,000 … English World dictionary
Belo Horizonte — Infobox Settlement name = Belo Horizonte settlement type = Municipality official name = The Municipality of Belo Horizonte nickname = BH, The Garden City motto = There is no place better than BH imagesize = 250px image caption = Belo Horizonte… … Wikipedia