Beaumont

/boh"mont/, n.
1. Francis, 1584-1616, English dramatist who collaborated with John Fletcher.
2. William, 1785-1853, U.S. surgeon.
3. a city in SE Texas. 118,102.
4. a male given name.

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I
City (pop., 2000: 113,866), southeastern Texas, U.S. Lying at the head of navigation on the Neches River, it is connected to the Gulf of Mexico by the Sabine-Neches Canal and is a major port of entry.

It was founded in 1835. When Spindletop, the first major oil field in Texas, was discovered in 1901, the city grew rapidly. With Port Arthur and Orange, it forms the "Golden Triangle" petrochemical and industrial complex.
II
(as used in expressions)
Beaumont Francis
Beaumont William
Neilson James Beaumont

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      city, seat (1838) of Jefferson county, southeastern Texas, U.S., at the head of navigation on the Neches River (an arm of the Sabine-Neches Waterway), 85 miles (137 km) east-northeast of Houston. With Port Arthur and Orange, it forms the “Golden Triangle” petrochemical and industrial complex.

      In 1824 Noah Tevis founded the settlement of Tevis Bluff; in 1835 he sold 50 acres (20 hectares) of land for a town site to Henry Millard, who supposedly named it Beaumont for his wife's family. Lumbering, rice cultivation, and shipping were early activities, and in the 1890s five railroads came through the site. Spindletop, the first major oil field in Texas, was discovered nearby when the Lucas Well blew in 1901, and a boom city sprang up. After the completion of a deep-river channel in 1916, Beaumont became a key port of the Texas petrochemical industry with large oil refineries and shipbuilding, grain storage, and rice-processing facilities. Salt and sulfur domes are also worked in the area. The Lucas Gusher Monument and the reconstructed Gladys City–Spindletop Boomtown commemorate the oil strike; the Spindletop–Gladys City Museum is operated by Lamar University (1923). The Texas Energy Museum also celebrates Beaumont's role in the development of the Texas oil industry. Other institutions of note within the city are the Art Museum of Southeast Texas, the McFaddin-Ward House Museum and Carriage House, the Babe Didrikson Zaharias Museum, and the Edison Plaza Museum. The city hosts the South Texas State Fair, the Neches River Festival, and the Kaleidoscope Arts and Crafts Festival. Inc. town, 1838; city, 1881. Pop. (1990) city, 114,323; Beaumont–Port Arthur MSA, 361,226; (2000) city, 113,866; Beaumont–Port Arthur MSA, 385,090.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Beaumont — Beaumont, Charles de ► C. de E.U.A., al SE de Texas, en el estuario del Neches River; 114 320 h. * * * (as used in expressions) Beaumont, Francis Beaumont, William Neilson, James Beaumont …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BEAUMONT (F.) — BEAUMONT FRANCIS (1584 1616) Le nom de Francis Beaumont est indissolublement lié à celui de John Fletcher dont il fut le collaborateur constant, de 1606 jusqu’à sa mort. D’abord étudiant à Oxford, il vint faire du droit au Middle Temple à Londres …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Beaumont [3] — Beaumont (spr. bōmóng), 1) Gustave de la Bonninière de, franz. Publizist, geb. 16. Febr. 1802 in Beaumont la Chartre (Sarthe), gest. 2. April 1866 in Tours, ein Enkel Lafayettes, war am Tribunal der Seine angestellt und bereiste 1831 im Auftrag… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Beaumont, CA — U.S. city in California Population (2000): 11384 Housing Units (2000): 4258 Land area (2000): 27.173526 sq. miles (70.379107 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.013734 sq. miles (0.035570 sq. km) Total area (2000): 27.187260 sq. miles (70.414677 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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  • Beaumont, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 113866 Housing Units (2000): 48815 Land area (2000): 85.014519 sq. miles (220.186584 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.921434 sq. miles (2.386502 sq. km) Total area (2000): 85.935953 sq. miles (222.573086 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Beaumōnt [2] — Beaumōnt (spr. Bohmong), 1) Harlay Achill, Graf von B., geb. 1550 zu Paris, wurde 1572 Parlamentsrath u. 1596 Präsident des Parlaments, widersetzte sich den drückenden Steuerauflagen, die Heinrich III. verordnete, wurde nach der Ermordung des… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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