/beuh sid'ee oh muy koh"teuh/, Mycol.
the basidiomycetes considered as belonging to the phylum Basidiomycota of the kingdom Fungi.

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▪ phylum of fungi
 a large and diverse phylum of fungi (kingdom Fungi) that includes jelly and shelf, or bracket, fungi; mushrooms, puffballs, and stinkhorns; and the rusts and smuts. The club-shaped spore-bearing organ ( basidium) usually produces four sexual spores (basidiospores). Basidia are borne on fruiting bodies (basidiocarps), which are large and conspicuous in all but the rusts and smuts.

      The common name bird's nest fungus includes species of the genera Crucibulum, Cyathus, and Nidularia of the family Nidulariaceae (order Agaricales), which contains about 60 species. The hollow fruiting body resembles a nest containing eggs (peridioles). The peridioles carry the spores when they disperse at maturity.

      Many species of the subphylum Pucciniomycotina do not form fruiting bodies. The species, parasitic on higher plants, cause leaf spots, witches'-broom (tufted growth), and galls (swellings). Particularly affected are azaleas and rhododendrons. The Pucciniomycotina include smut fungi.

      Jelly fungus is the common name for several species of the cosmopolitan order Tremellales, including those of the genus Tremella (40 species), so called because they have jellylike fruiting bodies. Frequently brightly coloured (especially yellow and orange) or white, the fungi occur on decaying wood after heavy rains in late summer.

 The ear fungus (Auricularia auricula-judae), also called Jew's ear fungus, is a brown, gelatinous edible fungus found on dead tree trunks in moist weather in the autumn. One of 10 widespread Auricularia species, it is ear- or shell-shaped and sometimes acts as a parasite, especially on elder (Sambucus).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Basidiomycota — Ba*sid i*o*my*co ta, n. pl. (Bot.) [NL., fr. NL. & E. basidium + Gr. ?, ?, fungus.] (Bot.) A large subdivision of the kingdom Fungi coextensive with the phylum Basidiomycetes, characterized by having the spores borne on a basidium. It embraces… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Basidiomycota — es una división de hongos, se divide en tres clases. ● Ustilaginomicetes (clase Ustilaginomycetes). ● Urediniomicetes (clase Urediniomycetes). ● Himenomicetes (clase Hymenomycetes) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Basidiomycota — Taxobox name = Basidiomycota image width = 250px image caption = Basidiomycetes from Ernst Haeckel s 1904 Kunstformen der Natur regnum = Fungi subregnum = Dikarya phylum = Basidiomycota phylum authority = R.T. Moore, 1980 [cite journal | author …   Wikipedia

  • Basidiomycota — Basidiomycètes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Basidiomycota — Basidienpilze Kupferroter Gelbfuß (Chroogomphus rutilus) Systematik Klassifikation: L …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Basidiomycota — noun comprises fungi bearing the spores on a basidium; includes Gasteromycetes (puffballs) and Tiliomycetes comprising the orders Ustilaginales (smuts) and Uredinales (rusts) and Hymenomycetes (mushrooms, toadstools, agarics and bracket fungi);… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Basidiomycota — …   Википедия

  • Basidiomycota — A phylum of fungi characterized by a spore bearing organ, the basidium, that is usually a clavate cell that bears basidiospores after karyogamy and meiosis. Some mycologists have raised the class Basidiomycetes to the phylum or …   Medical dictionary

  • Basidiomycota (Classification Phylogénétique) — Cette page a pour objet de présenter un arbre phylogénétique des Basidiomycota (ou Basidiomycètes), c est à dire un cladogramme mettant en lumière les relations évolutives complexes (relations groupes ancestraux groupes descendants) existant… …   Wikipédia en Français

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