basidiomycete

/beuh sid'ee oh muy"seet, -muy seet"/, n.
Mycol. any of a group of fungi constituting the phylum Basidiomycota of the kingdom Fungi (or, in older classification schemes, the class Basidiomycetes of the kingdom Plantae), characterized by bearing the spores on a basidium, including the smuts, rust, mushrooms, and puffballs.
[1895-1900; < NL Basidiomycetes; see BASIDIUM, -O-, -MYCETE]

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Any of a large and diverse class of fungi (division Mycota), including jelly and shelf, or bracket, fungi; mushrooms, puffballs, and stinkhorns; and the rusts and smuts.

The club-shaped, spore-bearing organ (basidium) is borne on a usually large and conspicuous fruiting body. Basidiomycetes include bird's-nest fungi, whose hollow fruiting bodies resemble nests containing eggs. The 15 species of the order Exobasidiales are parasitic on higher plants, particularly azaleas and rhododendrons. Jelly fungi are so called because they have jellylike, often colourful fruiting bodies. See also fungus.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • basidiomycete — a*sid i*o*my cete n. 1. any of various fungi of the subdivision Basidiomycota. Syn: basidiomycetous fungi. [WordNet 1.5] || …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • basidiomycète — ● basidiomycète nom masculin Champignon supérieur dont les spores sont portées sur des basides …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • basidiomycete — [bə sid΄ē ō mī′sēt΄, bə sid΄ē ōmī sēt′] n. [< ModL < BASIDIUM + MYCETE] any of a subdivision (Basidiomycotina) of fungi, including the mushrooms, rusts, smuts, and puffballs, that produce spores on basidia; club fungus: cf. ASCOMYCETE… …   English World dictionary

  • basidiomycete — noun Etymology: ultimately from New Latin basidium + Greek mykēt , mykēs fungus; akin to Greek myxa mucus more at mucus Date: 1899 any of a group of higher fungi that have septate hyphae and spores borne on a basidium, that include rusts, smuts,… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Basidiomycète — Basidiomycota Basidiomycètes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • basidiomycete — noun A fungus which produces sexual spores on a basidium …   Wiktionary

  • basidiomycete — ba·sid·io·my·cete bə .sid ē ō mī .sēt, .mī sēt n any of a group of higher fungi that have septate hyphae and spores borne on a basidium produced directly from the mycelium or as an outgrowth of a spore, that include rusts, smuts, and numerous… …   Medical dictionary

  • basidiomycete — [bəˌsɪdɪə mʌɪsi:t] noun (plural basidiomycetes mʌɪsi:ts, mʌɪ si:ti:z) Botany a fungus of a large group whose spores develop within basidia and which includes the majority of familiar mushrooms and toadstools. Origin C19: anglicized singular of… …   English new terms dictionary

  • basidiomycete — ba·sid·io·my·cete …   English syllables

  • basidiomycete — ba•sid•i•o•my•cete [[t]bəˌsɪd i oʊˈmaɪ sit, maɪˈsit[/t]] n. any of a large group of fungi, including mushrooms, puffballs, rusts, and smuts, that constitute the phylum Basidiomycota, characterized by a spore bearing structure in the form of a… …   From formal English to slang

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