barrister

barristerial /bar'euh stear"ee euhl/, adj.
/bar"euh steuhr/, n. Law.
1. (in England) a lawyer who is a member of one of the Inns of Court and who has the privilege of pleading in the higher courts. Cf. solicitor (def. 4).
2. Informal. any lawyer.
[1535-45; deriv. of BAR1, perh. after obs. legister lawyer or MINISTER]

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One of two types of practicing lawyers in Britain (the other is the solicitor).

Barristers engage in advocacy (trial work), and only they may argue cases before a high court. A barrister must be a member of one of the four Inns of Court. In Canada, all lawyers are both barristers and solicitors, though individual lawyers may describe themselves as one or the other. In Scotland trial lawyers are called advocates.

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▪ English law
      one of the two types of practicing lawyers in England, the other being the solicitor. In general, barristers engage in advocacy (trial work) and solicitors in office work, but there is a considerable overlap in their functions. The solicitor, for example, may appear as an advocate in the lower courts, whereas barristers are often called upon to give opinions or to draft documents.

      Only barristers may appear as advocates before the High Court; they are known collectively as the bar, and it is from their ranks that the most important judicial appointments are made. To be a barrister it is necessary to be a member of one of the four Inns of Court (q.v.). A prospective barrister must pass a series of examinations established for the inns by the Council of Legal Education and must satisfy certain traditional requirements such as eating a certain number of dinners at the respective inn. In addition, the inns still stress the pupillage system, whereby a student or a young barrister reads with a practicing barrister for not less than a year.

      The General Council of the Bar sets standards for the bar and acts in matters of general concern to the profession. A barrister is required to accept any case for a proper professional fee, for example, regardless of his personal feelings, except when there are circumstances of conflicting interests of clients. Furthermore, if a barrister does not receive payment for his work, he may not take action in court to obtain it. Barristers cannot form partnerships with other barristers or with solicitors nor can they carry on any other profession or business. Disciplinary power used to be in the hands of the governing body of each inn, the benchers (judges of the High Court or barristers), but this power was delegated to the Senate of the four Inns of Court set up in 1966. See also solicitor.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Barrister — (Barrister at Law) ist ein Rechtsanwalt in dem durch die Rechtstradition des Common Law geprägten Rechtssystem in England und Wales sowie anderen Ländern des Commonwealth, der vor dem Gerichtshof plädiert sowie Prozessschriften und andere… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • barrister — bar‧ris‧ter [ˈbærstə ǁ ər] noun [countable] LAW a lawyer in Britain who has joined the bar and is qualified to represent a case in the higher courts compare lawyer, solicitor * * * barrister UK US /ˈbærɪstər/ noun [C] …   Financial and business terms

  • Barrister — Bar ris*ter, n. [From {Bar}, n.] Counselor at law; a counsel admitted to plead at the bar, and undertake the public trial of causes, as distinguished from an attorney or solicitor. See {Attorney}. [Eng.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Barrister — (engl., spr. Bärrist r), erste Stufe der Sachwalter (Counsel) in England. Um auf diese zu gelangen, gehört. vorgängiges langes Rechtsstudium u. praktische Übung durch Führung von 12 großen u. 24 kleinen Probeprocessen als Sachwalter in 5 Jahren.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Barrister — (engl.), höchste Stufe der Sachwalter (counsels) in England. Aus den angesehensten Barristers werden der Kronanwalt, Attorney General, und der Obersachwalter der Krone, Solicitor General, gewählt. Die Barristers haben das ausschließliche Recht… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Barrister — Barrĭster (engl.), Titel der engl. Advokaten, die vor den höhern Gerichtshöfen plaidieren, im Gegensatz zu den Solicitors (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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  • barrister — (n.) 1540s, a student of law who has been called to the bar, from BAR (Cf. bar) (n.3) in the legal sense. Also see ATTORNEY (Cf. attorney). The second element is obscure …   Etymology dictionary

  • barrister — *lawyer, counselor, counsel, advocate, attorney, solicitor …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

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