Barabbas

/beuh rab"euhs/, n.
a condemned criminal pardoned by Pilate in order to appease the mob, which demanded that he be freed instead of Jesus. Mark 15:6-11; John 18:40.

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In the New Testament, a prisoner or criminal freed to please the mob before the crucifixion of Jesus.

Described as a thief or an insurrectionist, Barabbas is mentioned in all four Gospels. Following the custom of setting free one prisoner chosen by popular demand before Passover, Pontius Pilate suggested pardoning Jesus, but the crowd protested and demanded the release of Barabbas. Pilate gave in and sent Jesus to his death.

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▪ biblical figure
      in the New Testament, a prisoner or criminal mentioned in all four gospels who was chosen by the crowd, over Jesus Christ, to be released by Pontius Pilate in a customary pardon before the feast of Passover.

      In Matthew 27:16, Barabbas was called a “notorious prisoner.” In Mark 15:7, Luke 23:19, and John 18:40, Barabbas was “among the rebels in prison, who had committed murder in the insurrection,” a revolutionary against the occupying Roman forces.

      The name Barabbas appears nowhere else in the New Testament, nor do any of the gospels give any information about his previous or subsequent life. The name may be an Aramaic patronymic meaning “son of the father” (bar abba) or “son of the teacher” (bar rabban), indicating perhaps that his father was a Jewish leader. According to the early biblical scholar Origen and other commentators, the full name of Barabbas may have been Jesus Barabbas, since Jesus was a common first name. Therefore the crowd was presented with a choice between two persons with the same name.

      Par Lagerkvist's 1950 novel Barabbas explores the inner life of the criminal after his release.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barabbas — biblical masc. proper name, Gk. Barabbas, from Aramaic barabba, son of the father, or son of the master. In Hebrew, it would be ben abh …   Etymology dictionary

  • Barabbas —    Péplum de Richard Fleischer, d après le roman de Pär Lagerkvist, avec Anthony Quinn, Silvana Mangano, Jack Palance, Ernest Borgnine.   Pays: États Unis et Italie   Date de sortie: 1961   Technique: couleurs   Durée: 2 h 20    Résumé    La… …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • Barabbas — Barabbas, jüdischer Räuber u. Aufrührer, saß zu Jerusalem gefangen. Als an dem Passahfeste, an welchem Jesus von den Juden vor das Gericht gestellt wurde, der Procurator Pontius Pilatus dem Volke B. od. Jesum zur Wahl darstellte, welchen von… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Barabbas — ou Barrabas agitateur politique. Condamné à mort, il fut gracié par Pilate, à la place de Jésus, sous la pression de la foule (évangiles) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • BARABBAS — Latine filius patris, insignis latro et homicida, Matth. c. 27. v. 16. Sedulius de Iudaeis: Tunc coluêre Baal, tunc elegêre Barabbam …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Barabbas — [bə rab′əs] n. [L(Ec) < Aram < baraba, son of Abba] Bible the prisoner whom the people wanted freed rather than Jesus: Matt. 27:16 21 …   English World dictionary

  • Barabbas — In the Christian narrative of the Passion of Jesus, Barabbas, according to some texts Jesus bar Abbas [cite web title=Bible Gateway The Message, Matthew 27:15 18 url=http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?book id=47 chapter=27 verse=15 version=65… …   Wikipedia

  • Barabbas — Gib uns Barabbas! , aus The Bible and its Story Taught by One Thousand Picture Lessons, 1910. Barabbas (griechisch Bαραββᾶς) war nach allen evangelischen Berichten des Prozesses gegen Jesus ein Mann, der sich in der Zeit der Passion in römischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Barabbas — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Barabbas (homonymie). Jésus et Barabbas devant Pilate, gravure d après Bernhard Rode (1789) Barabbas est …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Barabbas — Aramaic for ‘son of the father’. All the gospels name Barabbas as a prisoner held by the Romans at the time of Jesus trial as a nationalist rebel (Mark 15:7) but released. Mark and Matthew report that there was a custom to release a prisoner at… …   Dictionary of the Bible

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