/bahn"joohl/, n.
a port in and the capital of The Gambia. 42,689.

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formerly (1816–1973) Bathurst

Seaport ( pop., 1993: urban agglomeration, 270,540), capital of The Gambia.

Located on the Island of St. Mary in the Gambia River, it is the country's largest city. Founded by the British in 1816 to suppress the slave trade, it subsequently became the capital of the British colony of Gambia. With The Gambia's independence in 1965, it became the national capital. Tourism is of increasing importance, and Banjul serves as a transportation centre with connections to the interior and to Senegal.

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formerly  (until 1973) Bathurst  

      city, capital, and Atlantic port of The Gambia (Gambia, The), on St. Mary's Island, near the mouth of the Gambia River. It is the country's largest city. It was founded in 1816, when the British Colonial Office ordered Captain Alexander Grant to establish a military post on the river to suppress the slave trade and to serve as a trade outlet for merchants ejected from Senegal, which had been restored to France. Grant chose Banjul Island (ceded by the chief of Kombo) as the site, which he renamed St. Mary's. He named the new settlement for Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl Bathurst (Bathurst, Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl, Baron Bathurst Of Battlesden, Lord Apsley, Baron Of Apsley), then colonial secretary. It became the capital of the British colony and protectorate of Gambia and after 1947 was governed by a town council. With The Gambia's independence in 1965, the town was granted city status and became the national capital. The name was changed to Banjul in 1973.

      Banjul is The Gambia's commercial and transportation centre. It has several peanut (groundnut) decorticating plants and oil mills; peanuts, peanut oil and meal, and palm kernels are exported. Tourism is of increasing importance, alleviating some of the urban unemployment problem and encouraging handicraft (wood carvings, filigree jewelry, hand-dyed cloth) industries. Banjul is connected with the interior and Senegal via a 3-mile (5-km) ferry northward across the Gambia River (to Barra) and by the Banjul-Serekunda Highway. A regular steamer service operates to Basse Santa Su, 242 miles (389 km) upstream. The Gambia's international airport is at Yundum, 18 miles (30 km) southwest.

      The nation's educational centre, Banjul has the Gambia High School (1958), two Roman Catholic secondary schools, a Muslim high school, a vocational school, and a public library. Associated with the city's Royal Victoria Hospital (1957) are the Gambia School of Nursing (1964), a mental hospital, a tuberculosis sanatorium, and a home for the infirm.

      Almost half of the city's population is Wolof, but the Aku (descendants of freed slaves), Malinke (Mandingo), Mauritanian, and Lebanese communities are significant minorities. Banjul has a mosque and Anglican, Catholic, and Methodist churches. Pop. (2003 prelim.) 34,828; urban agglom., 523,589.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Banjul — Banjul, con una población de 34.828 habitantes (2003), es la capital de Gambia. La ciudad, llamada Bathurst hasta 1973, está localizada en la isla St. Mary, donde el río Gambia desemboca en el océano Atlántico. Banjul es el principal centro… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Banjul — (anc. Bathurst) cap. de la Gambie, sur l Atlantique; à l entrée de l estuaire du fleuve Gambie; 54 000 hab. (aggl. urb. 110 000 hab.). Port de commerce (exportation d arachides et de noix de palme, notam.). Aéroport international …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Banjul — the capital city of the Gambia, a port on the Gambia River, formerly called Bathurst …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Banjul — [bän′jo͞ol′] capital of Gambia; seaport on an island at the mouth of the Gambia River: pop. 44,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Banjul — Infobox Settlement official name = Banjul other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = motto = imagesize =300px image caption = Banjul King Fahad Mosque flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size = city logo = citylogo… …   Wikipedia

  • Banjul — Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : Banyuls. 13°27′11″N 16°34′50″O …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Banjul — Original name in latin Banjul Name in other language BJL, Bandzhul, Bandzul, Bandzula, Bandzulis, Bandul, Bandula, Bandulis, Banjoul, Banjul, Banjulo, Banyul, Banzhul, Banulo, Bathurst, Bathurstopolis, Gorad Banzhul, Mpanzoul, bajula, ban cul,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Banjul — Hauptstadt von Gambia * * * Bạnjul   [englisch bændʒʊl], bis 1973 Bathurst [ bæθəːst], Hauptstadt und hafen von Gambia, an der Mündung des Gambia in den Atlantik, (1989) 150 000 Einwohner; Sitz eines anglikanischen und eines katholischen… …   Universal-Lexikon

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