/bang"keuh/, n.
an island in Indonesia, E of Sumatra: tin mines. 4611 sq. mi. (11,942 sq. km).
Also, Banka.

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Island, Indonesia.

Located off the eastern coast of Sumatra across the Bangka Strait, it is separated from Billiton (Belitung) island by Gaspar Strait. Its area is 4,609 sq mi (11,937 sq km); the chief town is Pangkalpinang. The sultan of Palembang ceded Bangka to the British in 1812; they in turn exchanged it with the Dutch in 1814 for property in India. Occupied by Japan during World War II, it became part of Indonesia in 1949. Bangka is one of the world's chief tin-producing centres.

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also spelled  Banka  or  Banca , Indonesian  Pulau Bangka 

      island, Bangka-Belitung propinsi (province), Indonesia. The island is situated off the eastern coast of Sumatra across the Bangka Strait, which is only 9 miles (14 km) wide at its narrowest point. On the east, Gaspar Strait separates Bangka from Belitung island. The soil is somewhat dry and stony but is largely covered with tropical vegetation. The virgin forest has almost disappeared because of mining and agricultural operations. Coastal areas contain few anchorages and are generally swampy, but the interior is hilly, with elevations up to 2,300 feet (700 metres). A number of the island's rivers are tidal in their lower courses and are navigable for nearly 20 miles (32 km) inland. Bangka's climate is hot and wet, with an average annual rainfall of approximately 120 inches (3,000 mm).

      Bangka, which resembles the Malay Peninsula geologically, is composed of granite and slate that is frequently covered with sandstone, laterite, and alluvium. Granite outcrops form short, irregular hill chains. Bangka is one of the world's chief tin-producing centres. The ore is found in many riverine alluvial deposits and in the alluvial strata on the slopes of small granitic hills; labourers of Chinese descent ( Hakka) work in the mines under government contract and supervision. There are also deposits of lead, copper, tungsten, gold, iron, and manganese.

      The inhabitants of the island of Bangka are predominantly immigrant Muslim Malay peoples. There are also aboriginal inhabitants consisting of a few hill tribes, probably of mixed Malay origin, who live by hunting, fishing, and collecting forest products. Rice, pepper, gambier (the source of an astringent), coffee, and coconut palms are cultivated on the island. There is an airport in the chief town and provincial capital, Pangkalpinang (situated on the eastern coast), and another is located in the chief port, Muntok (in the northeast).

      The sultan of Palembang, in Sumatra, ceded Bangka to the British in 1812, but in 1814 the British exchanged the island with the Dutch for Cochin in India. Japan occupied Bangka in 1942–45; it was reoccupied by the Dutch in March 1946, and it became part of the independent Republic of Indonesia in 1949. In 2000 Bangka, Belitung, and other nearby islands were split from the province of Sumatera Selatan to form the separate Bangka-Belitung province. Area Bangka island, 4,375 square miles (11,330 square km); province, 6,244 square miles (16,171 square km). Pop. (2002) province, 900,197.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Bangka — Bangka, Insel, so v.w. Banca …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bangka — Bangka, Insel, s. Banka …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bangka — Bangka, Sunda Insel, s. Banka …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bangka — [bäŋ′kä] island of Indonesia, off the SE coast of Sumatra: tin mining center: 4,600 sq mi (11,914 sq km) …   English World dictionary

  • Bangka — Vorlage:Infobox Insel/Wartung/Bild fehlt Bangka Gewässer Südchinesisches Meer Geographische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Bangka — Bạngka,   Bạnka, Insel auf dem Sundaschelf östlich von Sumatra, Indonesien, bildet den Distrikt Bangka der Provinz Südsumatra (Sumatera Selatan), 11 942 km2, 400 000 Einwohner (Malaien und Chinesen); Hauptort mit Flugplatz ist …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bangka — or Banka geographical name island Indonesia off SE Sumatra; chief town Pangkalpinang area 4609 square miles (11,983 square kilometers), population 251,639 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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