- /bay"keuhrz feeld'/, n.a city in S California. 105,611.
* * *City (pop., 2000: city, 247,057; metro. area, 661,645), southern California, U.S. Situated on the Kern River in the San Joaquin Valley, it was founded in 1869 by Thomas Baker.It was an agricultural area when the discovery of the Kern River oil fields in 1899 sparked a petroleum boom. The city was quickly rebuilt after a major earthquake in 1952. Nearby vineyards produce about a quarter of the wine made in California.
* * *city, seat (1875) of Kern county, south-central California, U.S. Located in the San Joaquin Valley, it was founded along the Los Angeles and Stockton road in 1869 by Thomas Baker, who reclaimed swamplands along the nearby Kern River. Bakersfield was an agricultural trade centre for the mines of the Sierra Nevada and the Owens Valley in the 1870s. The Southern Pacific Railroad reached Sumner (now East Bakersfield), several miles northeast of downtown Bakersfield, in 1874 (it had bypassed the city of Bakersfield because of a right-of-way dispute between city and railroad officials), and the Santa Fe Railway was linked to Bakersfield in 1898. San Francisco capitalists, acquiring large-scale landholdings in the area, helped develop an extensive irrigation system to distribute the waters of the Kern River; the region subsequently became important in the production of grain, alfalfa, and livestock. The discovery of the Kern River oil fields in 1899 brought a large-scale petroleum industry, which was centred at Bakersfield.The city quickly rebuilt after a fire destroyed the business section in 1889 and again after an earthquake caused widespread damage in 1952. Bakersfield grew steadily throughout the 20th century, with expanding petroleum-based industries, livestock raising, and the mechanized farming of potatoes, grapes, alfalfa, cotton, and grain. Nearby vineyards produce about one-tenth of the wine made in California. The city has diversified industries manufacturing steel products, textiles, bedding materials, and electronic parts. Tourism is also important; particularly notable attractions include the California Living Museum, which has a zoo, botanical gardens, and a natural history museum; Bakersfield Museum of Art; Kern County Museum; and Lori Brock Children's Discovery Center. Dubbed “Nashville West,” Bakersfield is renowned for its contributions to country music and is the home of many recording artists, including Merle Haggard (Haggard, Merle) and Buck Owens. Educational institutions include Bakersfield (community) College (founded 1913) and California State University, Bakersfield (1965). Two important aerospace facilities, the Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake and Edwards Air Force Base, lie to the east. Sequoia National Forest is nearby. Inc. (first) 1873 (disincorporated 1876); (second) 1898. Pop. (1990) city, 174,820; Bakersfield MSA, 543,477; (2000) city, 247,057; Bakersfield MSA, 661,645.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Bakersfield — Spitzname: California s Country Music Capital … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bakersfield — Bakersfield, CA U.S. city in California Population (2000): 247057 Housing Units (2000): 88262 Land area (2000): 113.098724 sq. miles (292.924337 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.299962 sq. miles (3.366887 sq. km) Total area (2000): 114.398686 sq.… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Bakersfield, CA — U.S. city in California Population (2000): 247057 Housing Units (2000): 88262 Land area (2000): 113.098724 sq. miles (292.924337 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.299962 sq. miles (3.366887 sq. km) Total area (2000): 114.398686 sq. miles (296.291224… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Bakersfield, MO — U.S. village in Missouri Population (2000): 285 Housing Units (2000): 125 Land area (2000): 1.420819 sq. miles (3.679903 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.420819 sq. miles (3.679903 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Bakersfield P.D. — Bakersfield P.D. is a short lived American television comedy series that aired on the Fox network in 1993 94.The show was based in the police department of the city of Bakersfield, California. It was shot with naturalistic lighting and without a… … Wikipedia
Bakersfield — (spr. bēkërsfīld), Stadt im nordamerikan. Staat Kalifornien, Grafschaft Kern, Bahnknotenpunkt vor dem Tehachipipaß der Sierra Nevada, mit Petroleumquellen, Produktenhandel und (1900) 4836 Einw … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Bakersfield — [ beɪkəzfiːld], Stadt in Kalifornien, USA, am Südende des San Joaquin Valley (Kalifornisches Längstal), 195 800 Einwohner; California State College; Wirtschaft: Zentrum der kalifornischen »Baumwollkammer« und eines Erdölreviers mit … Universal-Lexikon
Bakersfield — [bā′kərz fēld΄] [after Col. T. Baker, early landowner] city in SC Calif.: pop. 247,000 … English World dictionary
Bakersfield — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différentes localités partageant un même nom. Le nom Bakersfield peut désigner : Bakersfield (Californie) Bakersfield (Vermont) Bakersfield (Missouri) Bakersfield (Texas) Catégorie : Homonymie de… … Wikipédia en Français
Bakersfield — Original name in latin Bakersfield Name in other language BFL, Bakersfield, Beikersfilnt, Bejkersfild, Bejkursfijld, bei ke si fei er de, beikeojeupildeu, bekarsaphilda, bekazufirudo, bykrsfyld, kalyfwrnya, bykrzfyld, kalyfrnya, byyqrspyld,… … Cities with a population over 1000 database