- /bay"yee/, n.
* * *▪ historic site, ItalyItalian Baiaancient city of Campania, Italy, located on the west coast of the Gulf of Puteoli (Pozzuoli) and lying 10 miles (16 km) west of Naples and 21/2 miles (4 km) from Cumae, of which it was a dependency. According to tradition, Baiae was named after Baios, the helmsman of Ulysses (Odysseus). In 178 BC the city is mentioned as Aquae Cumanae, because of its curative sulfur springs. Baiae's mild climate, thermal springs, and luxuriant vegetation made it a popular resort during the later years of the Roman Republic, and by the 1st century AD it was as large as Puteoli (modern Pozzuoli), then a leading commercial centre. Many magnificent villas were built in Baiae, including those of Julius Caesar and Nero. A large part of the town became imperial property under Augustus and later emperors. The emperor Hadrian died in Caesar's villa in AD 138. Extensive remains of the ancient bathing facilities include three large domed buildings that are now erroneously referred to as temples. The “Temple of Mercury” (about 71 feet [21.5 metres] in diameter) dates from the late Republic. Reminiscent in its present condition of the Pantheon, it was the swimming pool of a large bath. The “temples” of Venus and Diana are of the Hadrianic period (2nd century AD) and are somewhat larger. Venus, which is 86 feet (26.3 metres) in diameter, was also a bath's swimming pool, while Diana (almost 97 feet [29.5 metres] in diameter) was probably a casino. More than 328 feet (100 metres) of the ancient site is now submerged in the bay owing to local volcanic activity (bradyseism). Baiae was devastated by Muslim raiders in the 8th century AD and was entirely deserted because of malaria in 1500.
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Baiae — (in modern Italian only Baia) is a frazione of the comune of Bacoli, in the Campania region of Italy on the Bay of Naples. It was named after Baius, who was supposedly buried there. It was for several hundred years a fashionable coastal resort,… … Wikipedia
Baiae — Blick auf Baia vom Castello Aragonese aus. Am Hang die Ausgrabungen des antiken Baiae Baiae war eine antike Siedlung am Golf von Neapel. Heute ist der Nachfolgeort Baia ein Ortsteil der Stadt Bacoli. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Baiae — /bay yee/, n. an ancient resort city in SW Italy, near Naples: villas of Caesar, Nero, and Pompey … Useful english dictionary
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BAJAE — civitas Campaniae, secus mare sita, a Baio Ulyssis socio illic sepulto. Strab. l. 5. Τὰς δὲ Βαΐας ἐπωνύμους εἶναι λέγουςι Βαίου, καὶ τὸ Μιςηνὸν Μιςηνοὺ τῶ Ο᾿δυςςέως ἑταίρων τινῶν. Sil. Italicus l. 12. v. 113. Ille tepentes Unde ferant nomen Baiae … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
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