bagel

/bay"geuhl/, n.
a leavened, doughnut-shaped, firm-textured roll, with a brownish glazed surface, made of dough first poached and then baked.
[1930-35; < Yiddish beygl; cf. dial. G Beugel < Gmc *baug- ring (see BEE2) + *-il- n. suffix]

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food
      doughnut-shaped yeast-leavened roll that is characterized by a crisp, shiny crust and a dense interior. Long regarded as a Jewish (Jew) specialty item, the bagel is commonly eaten as a breakfast food or snack, often with toppings such as cream cheese and lox (smoked salmon).

      Bagels are made from the basic bread ingredients of flour, yeast, salt, and sweetening. High-gluten flour gives the roll its spongy, chewy texture, which can be lightened by the addition of eggs, milk, and butter. As traditionally made, the dough is shaped by hand into a ring, boiled for a short time in water to seal the dough to ensure a compact texture, and then baked. In modern mass production, the rings are machine-made, and steaming may be substituted for boiling. In either process, a glaze of egg yolk or milk applied before baking produces a shiny crust. Seeds and spices may be added before baking; bagels also are made with flavourings, vegetables, nuts, or fruits mixed into the dough, although purists scorn such innovations. There are also whole-grain and rye versions.

      The origin of the bagel is not known, but it seems to have its roots in central Europe. A widely repeated legend traces its history to Vienna in 1683, when John III Sobieski, king of Poland, successfully defended the city from a Turkish invasion. A local baker, wishing to commemorate the victory of this accomplished horseman, fashioned his bread in the shape of a stirrup (the present-day German word for which is Bügel). In the late 19th century, European Jewish immigrants introduced the bagel to the United States, where it gained a popular association with New York City. The American bagel industry expanded rapidly in the late 20th century; bagel bakeries and frozen-food distributors created numerous variations on the traditional form and texture.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bagel — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Un bagel. El bagel (o a veces también beigel; en Yiddish בײגל beygl) es un pan elaborado tradicionalmente de harina de trigo y que suele tener un agujero en el centro. Antes de ser horneado se cocina en agua… …   Wikipedia Español

  • bagel — ● bagel nom masculin (mot anglais) Au Canada, petit pain d origine juive, en forme d anneau. bagel n. m. (Québec) Petit pain en forme d anneau, à la mie très ferme …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • bagel — a gel (b[=a] g l), n. [Yiddish beygl, prob. fr. dial. G. Beugel. RHUD] a glazed leavened doughnut shaped roll with a hard crust. Note: A similar roll in Russia is called a bublik. [WordNet 1.5 +PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bagel — 1919, from Yiddish beygl, from M.H.G. boug ring, bracelet, from O.H.G. boug a ring, related to O.E. beag ring (in poetry, an Anglo Saxon lord was beaggifa ring giver ), from P.Gmc. *baugaz , from PIE root *bheug (3) to bend, with derivatives… …   Etymology dictionary

  • bagel — ► NOUN ▪ a dense, ring shaped bread roll that is simmered before baking. ORIGIN Yiddish …   English terms dictionary

  • bagel — [bā′gəl] n. [NE Yiddish beygl < MHG * bougel > Austrian Ger beugel, kind of croissant; akin to Ger bügel, stirrup, orig. ring < beugen, to bend: for IE base see BOW1] a chewy bread roll made of yeast dough twisted into a small… …   English World dictionary

  • Bagel — For other uses, see Bagel (disambiguation). A plain commercially produced bagel (as evidenced by grate marks used in steaming, rather than boiling) …   Wikipedia

  • Bagel — Plain Bagel, New York Style Ein Bagel, manchmal auch Beigel (von englisch bagel oder beigel [ˈbeɪgəl] und jiddisch בײגל bejgl oder bajgl, YIVO Orthografie beygl, in Österreich auch Beugel) ist ein handtellergroßes rundes Gebäck aus Hefeteig… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bagel — Un bagel Le bagel, baguel[1] ou beguel (du yiddish בײגל beygl ) est un rouleau en forme d anneau, à la texture très ferme, fait d une pâte au levain naturel, cuit brièvement dans l eau avant d être passé au four. Ces petits pains d une dizaine de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • bagel — UK [ˈbeɪɡ(ə)l] / US noun [countable] Word forms bagel : singular bagel plural bagels a type of bread that is small and round with a hole in the middle …   English dictionary

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