Bacau

/bah ku"oo/; Eng. /beuh kow"/, n.
a city in E Rumania. 141,981.

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      city, capital of Bacău județ (county), eastern Romania, near the confluence of the Bistrița and Siret rivers, 150 miles (240 km) northeast of Bucharest. Bacău was an early customs post, where trade routes came together at a ford over the Bistrița. It was first mentioned in documents in 1408. The manufacture of fighter airplanes has become the city's most important industry. Other industries include a paper mill, a footwear factory, and several cloth and textile factories, in addition to wood processors. Foodstuffs and building materials are also produced. Bacău is a cultural centre, with a state theatre, a symphony orchestra, and museums. It is an important road and rail junction and is on the main railway from Bucharest to Chernovtsy, in Ukraine. Pop. (2002 prelim.) 175,921.

      județ (county), eastern Romania, occupying an area of 2,551 square miles (6,606 square km). The Eastern Carpathians and the sub-Carpathians rise above the settlement areas that are situated in intermontane valleys and lowlands. The county is drained southeastward by the Siret River and its tributaries. It was formerly included in feudal Moldavia. Manufactures of Bacău city, the county capital, include military airplanes, metal products, textiles, and timber. Onești city, located in the Trotuș valley, was designated an industrial area in 1955 and has oil-processing, chemical, and synthetic-rubber factories. Agăș and Comănești are timber centres. Oil wells operate in Molinești, Zemeș, Solonț, and Lucăcești. Coal mines are worked near Comănești and Asău towns, and salt is mined near Târgu Ocna. Borzești village was the birthplace of Stephen the Great (Stephen), who declared Moldavia's independence from the Turks in 1503. The regional museum, located in Bacău city, contains Neolithic idols and Dacian pottery and coins found in the surrounding area. Several hydroelectric plants are located on the Bistrița River, north of Bacău city. Railway lines and highways usually parallel the district's river courses. An airport is located near Bacău city. Pop. (2002 prelim.) 708,751.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bacau — Bacău …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bacău — Bacău …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BACAU — (Rom. Bacău), city in Moldavia, Romania. A Jewish community is attested there in the 18th century. A ḥevra kaddisha was established in 1774. In 1820 there were 55 Jewish taxpaying heads of families in Bacau. The Jewish population numbered 3,810… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bacău — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bacău Judet de Rumania Capital …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bacau — Bacău  Roumanie Judeţ de Bacău Bacău Statut : Chef lieu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bacău — Bacău …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bacău —   [ba kəu̯], Hauptstadt des Kreises Bacău in der Moldau, Rumänien, an der unteren Bistritz, 210 500 Einwohner; Universität (1990 gegründet);   Wirtschaft:   Metall , Papier , Lebensmittel , Maschinenbau u. a. Industrie, nahebei Erdölförderung;  … …   Universal-Lexikon

  • bacău — Bacắu s.m. – Oraş din sud vestul Mold. A şi găsi Bacăul, a da de bucluc. Expresia se explică, după Hasdeu 2291, prin aluzie la neplăcerile pe care odinioară le făcea călătorilor importanta vamă din Bacău, centru vamal pentru tot ce intra din Munt …   Dicționar Român

  • Bacau — Bacăŭ, rumän. Stadt, s. Bakau …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bacau — v. de Roumanie (Moldavie); 204 500 hab.; ch. l. du district. du m. nom. Industr. du bois, alimentaire …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bacău — (Romanian), Bakó (Hungarian), Bakèu Бакэу (Russian) …   Names of cities in different languages

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