- /air"shear, -sheuhr/, n.1. one of a Scottish breed of hardy dairy cattle having long, curving horns.2. Also called Ayr. a historic county in SW Scotland.
* * *Breed of hardy dairy cattle (see dairy farming) that originated in the county of Ayr, Scotland, in the late 18th century.It is considered the only special dairy breed to have originated in the British Isles. Its body colour varies from almost pure white to nearly all cherry red or brown. Exported widely to other countries, it is especially common in Great Britain, the U.S., and Canada.
* * *▪ breed of cattlebreed of hardy dairy cattle originating in the county of Ayr, Scotland, in the latter part of the 18th century and considered to be the only special dairy breed to have originated in the British Isles. The body colour varies from almost pure white to nearly all cherry red or brown with any combination of these colours; black or brindle are considered undesirable. The beef qualities of the breed are of secondary importance. The distribution of the breed is wide, and exportations have been made to many countries. It is most strongly represented in the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States.also called Ayrhistoric county, southwestern Scotland. The county is named for Ayr, its historic county town (seat). Apart from a small section in the south that is part of the council area of Dumfries and Galloway, Ayrshire is presently divided into the council areas of South Ayrshire, East Ayrshire, and North Ayrshire.The county has a concave western coastline along the Firth of Clyde and rises to an elevation of about 2,000 feet (600 metres) at its eastern boundary in the Southern Uplands. Rivers divide it into three ancient regions: Cunninghame, north of the River Irvine; Kyle, between the Irvine and Doon; and Carrick, south of the Doon.Archaeological finds show that Ayrshire has been occupied for thousands of years. A Roman fort (79–84 CE) survives at Loudoun Hill. During the early Middle Ages, Ayrshire was part of the rudimentary Celtic British kingdom of Strathclyde. In the 11th century its king Duncan (Duncan I) became the first ruler of all Scotland. Invading Norwegians were defeated at the Battle of Largs in 1263, and Sir William Wallace (Wallace, Sir William) began the struggle to regain Scotland's independence in 1297 at Ayr. From Turnberry Castle (1307) Robert the Bruce (Robert I) began his fight for the Scottish throne, and in 1315 he held Parliament in Ayr; there Oliver Cromwell (Cromwell, Oliver) later built a citadel (1654) to control southwestern Scotland.Scotland's first deep coal mines were sunk in Ayr in 1780, and ironworks and textile industries followed rapidly. Simultaneously the agricultural revolution brought enclosures, draining, and crop rotation, and Ayr became an important and highly developed agricultural area. Its lush lowland pastures have the heaviest stock-carrying capacity in Scotland. The main industrial areas were Irvine and Kilmarnock, in which textiles of all kinds were produced, but during the late 20th century the textile industry and metalworking declined. Engineering and electronics sectors have developed in the county.
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Ayrshire — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Situación geográfica de Ayrshire, Escocia. Ayrshire (Siorrachd Inbhir Àir en gaélico) es uno de los condados tradicionales de Escocia, situado en la zona suroeste del país. El condado de Ayrshire tiene como capital a … Wikipedia Español
Ayrshire — AYRSHIRE, an extensive county, on the western coast of Scotland, bounded on the north by Renfrewshire, on the east by the counties of Lanark and Dumfries, on the south by the stewartry of Kirkcudbright and Wigtonshire, and on the west by the… … A Topographical dictionary of Scotland
Ayrshire — Ayrshire, IA U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 202 Housing Units (2000): 98 Land area (2000): 0.208116 sq. miles (0.539018 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.208116 sq. miles (0.539018 sq. km)… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Ayrshire, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 202 Housing Units (2000): 98 Land area (2000): 0.208116 sq. miles (0.539018 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.208116 sq. miles (0.539018 sq. km) FIPS code:… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Ayrshire — Ayr shire, n. (Agric.) One of a superior breed of cattle from Ayrshire, Scotland. Ayrshires are notable for the quantity and quality of their milk. [1913 Webster] || … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Ayrshire — The pure wool twill blankets made in Ayrshire … Dictionary of the English textile terms
Ayrshire — (spr. ǟrschīr), Grafschaft im südlichen Schottland, grenzt im W. an den Clydebusen, im N. an Renfrewshire, im O. an die Grafschaften Lanark, Dumfries und Kirkcudbright und im S. an Wigtownshire, umfaßt 2975 qkm (54 QM.) mit (1901) 254,436 Einw.… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Ayrshire — [ eəʃə, englisch], ein Hausrind (Rinder) … Universal-Lexikon
Ayrshire — Ayrshire1 [er′shir, ar′shir] n. any of a breed of medium sized dairy cattle which are brownish red and white: originally from the county of Ayr Ayrshire2 [er′shir, ar′shir] AYR (the former county) … English World dictionary
Ayrshire — This article is about the region in Scotland. For the cattle originating from Ayrshire, see Ayrshire cattle. For the small city in the United States, see Ayrshire, Iowa. Ayr County (until circa 1890) … Wikipedia
Ayrshire — Traditionelle Grafschaft Ayrshire Ayrshire ist eine traditionelle Grafschaft (engl. Shire) im Südwesten Schottlands. Heute ist das Gebiet Ayrshires in die Verwaltungsbezirke East Ayrshire, North Ayrshire (erweitert um die Insel Arran … Deutsch Wikipedia