Axminster carpet

/aks"min'steuhr/
a machine-made carpet having a cut pile and an intricate design of many colors.
[1810-20; named after town in SW England where manufactured]

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Floor covering produced in a factory founded at Axminster, England, in 1755 by the cloth weaver Thomas Whitty.

The carpets were knotted in wool on woolen warps, with wefts of flax or hemp, and featured Renaissance architectural or floral patterns. The factory closed in 1835 with the advent of industrial weaving machines. The name survives as a generic term for all machine-made carpets with pile similar to velvet or chenille.

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 floor covering made originally in a factory founded at Axminster, Devon, England, in 1755 by the cloth weaver Thomas Whitty. Resembling somewhat the Savonnerie (Savonnerie carpet) carpets produced in France, Axminster carpets were symmetrically knotted by hand in wool on woolen warps and had a weft of flax or hemp. Like the French carpets, they often featured Renaissance architectural or floral patterns; others mimicked Oriental patterns. Similar carpets were produced at the same time in Exeter and in the Moorfields section of London and, shortly before, at Fulham in Middlesex.

      The Whitty factory closed in 1835 with the advent of machine-made carpeting. The name Axminster, however, survived as a generic term for machine-made carpets whose pile is produced by techniques similar to those used in making velvet or chenille.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Axminster carpet — Axminster Ax min*ster, n., or Axminster carpet Axminster carpet . (a) [More fully chenille Axminster.] A variety of Turkey carpet, woven by machine or, when more than 27 inches wide, on a hand loom, and consisting of strips of worsted chenille so …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Axminster carpet — /ˌæksmɪnstə ˈkapət/ (say .aksminstuh kahpuht) noun a kind of carpet having a stiff jute back and a cut pile of wool. {named after Axminster, a town in England} …   Australian English dictionary

  • Axminster carpet — Ax′min•ster car′pet [[t]ˈæksˌmɪn stər[/t]] n. tex a machine made carpet having a cut pile and an intricate design of many colors • Etymology: 1810–20; after the town in SW England where it was manufactured …   From formal English to slang

  • Axminster carpet — /aks min steuhr/ a machine made carpet having a cut pile and an intricate design of many colors. [1810 20; named after town in SW England where manufactured] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Axminster — [aks′min΄stər] n. 〚after Axminster, a town in SW England, where it was first made by hand〛 a type of carpet with a cut pile, woven in various colors and patterns * * * Ax·min·ster (ăksʹmĭn stər) n. A carpet with stiff backing and a soft, colorful …   Universalium

  • Axminster — Ax min*ster, n., or Axminster carpet Axminster carpet . (a) [More fully chenille Axminster.] A variety of Turkey carpet, woven by machine or, when more than 27 inches wide, on a hand loom, and consisting of strips of worsted chenille so colored… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Axminster — infobox UK place country = England latitude = 50.7812 longitude = 3.0001 official name = Axminster population = 6,000 shire county = Devon region = South West England post town = AXMINSTER postcode district =EX13 postcode area = EX dial code =… …   Wikipedia

  • AXMINSTER — n. (in full Axminster carpet) a kind of machine woven patterned carpet with a cut pile. Etymology: Axminster in S. England …   Useful english dictionary

  • carpet — carpetless, adj. carpetlike, adj. /kahr pit/, n. 1. a heavy fabric, commonly of wool or nylon, for covering floors. 2. a covering of this material. 3. any relatively soft surface or covering like a carpet: They walked on the carpet of grass. 4.… …   Universalium

  • Carpet Museum of Iran — Carpet Museum of Iran, Tehran Located in Tehran, beside Laleh Park, and founded in 1976, the Carpet Museum of Iran exhibits a variety of Persian carpets from all over Iran, dating from 18th century to present. The museum s exhibition hall… …   Wikipedia


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