Autolycus

/aw tol"i keuhs/, n.
Class. Myth. a thief, the son of Hermes and Chione, and the grandfather of Odysseus. He possessed the power of changing the shape of whatever he stole and of making it and himself invisible.

* * *

      in Greek mythology, the maternal grandfather, through his daughter Anticleia, of the hero Odysseus. In Homer's Odyssey the god Hermes rewards Autolycus's faithful sacrifices to him by granting Autolycus skill in trickery, but later ancient authors made him the god's son. He was believed to live at the foot of Mount Parnassus and was famous as a thief and swindler. Late sources say that on one occasion Sisyphus (the son of Aeolus), during a visit to Autolycus, recognized his stolen cattle. It is said that on that occasion Sisyphus seduced Autolycus's daughter Anticleia and that hence Odysseus was really the son of Sisyphus, not of Laertes, whom Anticleia afterward married.

      The object of the story probably was to establish the close connection between Hermes, the god of theft and cunning, and the three persons—Sisyphus, Odysseus, and Autolycus—who were the incarnate representations of that practice and quality.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Autolycus — Autolycus, griech., Astronom aus Pitane im 4. Jahrh. v. Chr., schrieb über die Himmelskugel und den Auf und Untergang der Fixsterne Werke, die keine besonderen Beobachtungen enthalten (abgedruckt in des Dasypodius Propos. doctr. sphaericae,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Autolycus — In Greek mythology, Autolycus (in Greek, polytonic|Αὐτόλυκος ndash; Lone Wolf ) was a son of Hermes and Chione.He was the father of Anticlea (who married Laertes of Ithaca and was the mother of Odysseus) and of several sons of whom only Aesimus… …   Wikipedia

  • AUTOLYCUS — I. AUTOLYCUS Mercurii filius, qui proxima Parnassi loca furtis infestavit. Ovid. Mer. l. 11. v. 313. Nascitur Autolycus furtum ingeniosus ad omne. Martial. l. 8. Epigr. 59. v. 4. Non fuit Autolyci tam piceata manus. Sunt qui Iasonis comitem… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Autolycus — Autolykos (lat. Autolycus) war ein Dieb in der griechischen Mythologie. Als Sohn des Gottes Hermes und der Chione stand er unter dessen Schutz und übertraf alle übrigen Menschen an Diebesfertigkeit. Er war der Großvater des Odysseus… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Autolycus — /aw tol i keuhs/, n. Class. Myth. a thief, the son of Hermes and Chione, and the grandfather of Odysseus. He possessed the power of changing the shape of whatever he stole and of making it and himself invisible. * * * Autolycus /ö tolˈi kəs/ noun …   Useful english dictionary

  • Autolycus — Autolycos Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Dans la mythologie grecque, Autolycos est l aïeul maternel d Ulysse. Autolycos de Pitane est un savant grec, né vers 360 av. J. C. Autolycos est …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Autolycus — See Exact sciences (The) in Hellenistic times: texts and issues …   History of philosophy

  • Autolycus — /ɔˈtɒləkəs/ (say aw toluhkuhs) noun 1. Greek Legend maternal grandfather of Odysseus, renowned as a thief. 2. a lighthearted thief, trickster, or plagiarist; an opportunist (from the character in Shakespeare s Winter s Tale) …   Australian English dictionary

  • Autolycus of Pitane — (c. 360 BC–c. 290 BC) was a Greek astronomer, mathematician, and geographer. Life and work Autolycus was born in Pitane, a town of Aeolis within Western Anatolia. Of his personal life nothing is known, although he was a contemporary of Aristotle… …   Wikipedia

  • AUTOLYCUS puer — pancratiô victor, propter quem Xenophon Symposium scripsit, inter Leocratis opera, memoratur Plinio l. 34. c. 8 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.