- a disease resulting from a disordered immune reaction in which antibodies are produced against one's own tissues, as systemic lupus erythematosus or rheumatoid arthritis.[1960-65]
* * *Any disease caused by an immune response (see immunity) against antigens in the tissues of one's own body.The immune system has two known ways to prevent such a response: destruction of lymphocytes in the thymus before they leave to attack one's own tissues and loss of ability to react to their target antigens by any such cells that do leave the thymus. Autoimmune diseases arise when these mechanisms fail and lymphocytes destroy host tissues; examples include type 1 diabetes mellitus, systemic lupus erythematosus, pernicious anemia, and rheumatoid arthritis. Treatment may replace the function of the affected tissue (e.g., insulin therapy for diabetes) or suppress the immune system (see immunosuppression). Allergy is another type of autoimmune reaction.
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Autoimmune disease — Autoimmune diseases Classification and external resources ICD 10 D84.9, M35.9 ICD 9 279.4 … Wikipedia
autoimmune disease — autoimmune′ disease n. pat a disease resulting from a disordered immune reaction in which antibodies are produced that damage components of one s own body • Etymology: 1960–65 … From formal English to slang
autoimmune disease — autoimmune disease. См. аутоаллергическое заболевание. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) … Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.
autoimmune disease — (aw to ī mūn ) A disease produced by the immune system attacking self antigens. Autoimmune disease results from the activation of self reactive T and B cells that damage tissues after stimulation by genetic or environmental triggers … Dictionary of microbiology
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autoimmune disease — one of a number of otherwise unrelated disorders caused by inflammation and destruction of tissues by the body s own immune response. These disorders include acquired haemolytic anaemia, pernicious anaemia, rheumatic fever, rheumatoid arthritis,… … Medical dictionary
autoimmune disease — one of a number of otherwise unrelated disorders caused by inflammation and destruction of tissues by the body s own immune response. These disorders include acquired haemolytic anaemia, pernicious anaemia, rheumatic fever, rheumatoid arthritis,… … The new mediacal dictionary
autoimmune disease — A condition in which the body recognizes its own tissues as foreign and directs an immune response against them … English dictionary of cancer terms
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