atman


atman
/aht"meuhn/, n. Hinduism.
1. the principle of life.
2. the individual self, known after enlightenment to be identical with Brahman.
3. (cap.) the World Soul, from which all individual souls derive, and to which they return as the supreme goal of existence.
Also, atma /aht"meuh/.
[1775-85; < Skt atman breath, self]

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(Sanskrit: "breath" or "self") Basic concept in Hindu philosophy, describing that eternal core of the personality that survives death and transmigrates to a new life or is released from the bonds of existence.

Atman became a central philosophical concept in the Upanishads. It underlies all aspects of personality, as Brahman underlies the working of the universe. The schools of Samkhya, Yoga, and Vedanta are particularly concerned with atman. See also soul.

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▪ Hindu philosophy
Sanskrit  Ātman,  

      one of the most basic concepts in Hindu philosophy, describing that eternal core of the personality that survives after death and that transmigrates to a new life or is released from the bonds of existence. While in the early Vedic texts it occurred mostly as a reflexive pronoun (oneself), in the later Upanishads (Upanishad) it comes more and more to the fore as a philosophic topic: atman is that which makes the other organs and faculties function and for which indeed they function; atman underlies all the activities of a person, as Brahman (brahma) (the absolute) underlies the workings of the universe; to know it brings bliss; it is part of the universal Brahman, with which it can commune or even fuse. So fundamental was the atman deemed to be that certain circles identified it with Brahman. Of the various systems (darshans) of Hindu philosophy, the schools of Sāṃkhya and Yoga (which use the term purusha to convey the idea of atman) and the orthodox school of Vedānta particularly concern themselves with the atman, though the interpretation varies in accordance with each system's general worldviews.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Atman — bzw. Atma (Sanskrit, n., आत्मन्, ātman, Pali: atta, urspr.: Lebenshauch, Atem) ist ein Begriff aus der indischen Philosophie. Er bezeichnet das individuelle Selbst, die unzerstörbare, ewige Essenz des Geistes und wird häufig als Seele übersetzt.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Atman — Âtman L Âtman (sanskrit: आत्म ) est un concept de la philosophie indienne āstika, (आस्तिक en devanāgarī)[1]. Celui ci a le sens de pure conscience ou de pur je suis . Ce terme désigne traditionnellement le vrai Soi, par opposition à l ego… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ātman — Âtman L Âtman (sanskrit: आत्म ) est un concept de la philosophie indienne āstika, (आस्तिक en devanāgarī)[1]. Celui ci a le sens de pure conscience ou de pur je suis . Ce terme désigne traditionnellement le vrai Soi, par opposition à l ego… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Atman — means self in Sanskrit and is a concept of importance in Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Yoga and Jainism: Ātman (Hinduism) Ātman (Buddhism) Atman (Jainism) Atman may also refer to: Atman (fashion) the clothing line and fragrance made by Russell… …   Wikipedia

  • ATMAN — La notion d’ tman est une des notions clés de la pensée indienne, une des plus anciennement attestées aussi. Sa signification première a sans doute été celle de «souffle vital» (en allemand: Atem ). Eu égard à son usage comme pronom réfléchi, à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • atman — àtman m DEFINICIJA hind. 1. osnovno životno načelo 2. pojedinac koji nakon osvješćenja spoznaje da je jedno s Brahmom 3. Duša svijeta iz koje sve pojedinačne duše proizlaze i kojoj se vraćaju kao najvišem cilju postojanja ETIMOLOGIJA skr. ātman:… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Atman — At man, n. [Skr. [=a]tman.] (Hinduism) (a) The life principle, soul, or individual essence. (b) The universal ego from whom all individual atmans arise. This sense is a European excrescence on the East Indian thought. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Âtman — Âtman, s. Brahma …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Atman — Atman, im Sanskrit Name des Allgeistes, in dem alles ist; auch Bezeichnung der Einzelseelen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • atman — (en psiquiatría) concepto derivado de la filosofía india oriental, según el cual el mayor valor posible es conocer la propia verdad de uno mismo. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

  • atman — 1785, from Skt. atma essence, breath, soul, from PIE *etmen breath (a root found in Sanskrit and Germanic, Cf. O.E. æðm, Du. adem, O.H.G. atum breath, O.E. eþian, Du. ademen to breathe ) …   Etymology dictionary


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