Astarte

/a stahr"tee/, n.
1. an ancient Semitic deity, goddess of fertility and reproduction worshiped by the Phoenicians and Canaanites.
2. (l.c.) Also called chestnut clam. any of several marine bivalve mollusks of the genus Astarte, having a somewhat triangular, chestnut-brown shell.

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or Ashtart

Goddess of the ancient Middle East and chief deity of the Mediterranean seaports of Tyre, Sidon, and Elath.

Astarte shared many qualities, and perhaps a common origin, with her sister Anath. The goddess of love and war, Astarte was worshiped in Egypt and in Canaan, as well as among the Hittites. Her Akkadian counterpart was Ishtar. She is often mentioned in the Bible under the name Ashtaroth; Solomon is said to have worshipped the goddess, and Josiah destroyed the shrines dedicated to her. In Egypt she was assimilated with Isis and Hathor; in the Greco-Roman world she was assimilated with Aphrodite, Artemis, and Juno.

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▪ ancient deity
also spelled  Athtart  or  Ashtart 

      great goddess of the ancient Middle East and chief deity of Tyre, Sidon, and Elat, important Mediterranean seaports. Hebrew scholars now feel that the goddess Ashtoreth mentioned so often in the Bible is a deliberate conflation of the Greek name Astarte and the Hebrew word boshet, “shame,” indicating the Hebrews' contempt for her cult. Ashtaroth, the plural form of the goddess's name in Hebrew, became a general term denoting goddesses and paganism.

      King Solomon, married to foreign wives, “followed Astarte the goddess of the Sidonians” (1 Kings 11:5). Later the cult places to Ashtoreth were destroyed by Josiah. Astarte/Ashtoreth is the Queen of Heaven to whom the Canaanites burned offerings and poured libations (Jeremiah 44).

      Astarte, goddess of war and sexual love, shared so many qualities with her sister, Anath, that they may originally have been seen as a single deity. Their names together are the basis for the Aramaic goddess Atargatis.

      Astarte was worshiped in Egypt and Ugarit and among the Hittites, as well as in Canaan. Her Akkadian counterpart was Ishtar. Later she became assimilated with the Egyptian deities Isis and Hathor (a goddess of the sky and of women), and in the Greco-Roman world with Aphrodite, Artemis, and Juno.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Astarte — ASTARTE, is, Gr. Ἀστάρτης, eine Tochter des Uranus, der sie nebst zwoen ihrer Schwestern, der Rhea und Dione, zu seinem Sohne Kronus schickete, in der Absicht ihn umzubringen, weil ihn derselbe aus dem Reiche gejaget hatte. Dieser aber gewann sie …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Astarté — Divinité égyptienne …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Astarte — [as tär′tē] n. [L < Gr Astartē < Heb ashtoret, ASHTORETH] a Semitic goddess of fertility and sexual love, worshiped by the Phoenicians and others: see also ASHTORETH, ISHTAR …   English World dictionary

  • Astarte — As*tar te, n. [Gr. ? a Ph[oe]nician goddess.] (Zo[ o]l.) A genus of bivalve mollusks, common on the coasts of America and Europe. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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