assumption

/euh sump"sheuhn/, n.
1. something taken for granted; a supposition: a correct assumption.
2. the act of taking for granted or supposing.
3. the act of taking to or upon oneself.
4. the act of taking possession of something: the assumption of power.
5. arrogance; presumption.
6. the taking over of another's debts or obligations.
7. Eccles.
a. (often cap.) the bodily taking up into heaven of the Virgin Mary.
b. (cap.) a feast commemorating this, celebrated on August 15.
[1250-1300; ME assumpcioun, assompcioun, assumsion < L assumption- (s. of assumptio), equiv. to assumpt(us) taken up (ptp. of assumere; see ASSUME) + -ion- -ION]
Syn. 1, 2. presupposition. 1. hypothesis, conjecture, guess, postulate, theory. 3. presumption. 5. effrontery, forwardness.

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 in Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic theology, the notion or (in Roman Catholicism) the doctrine that Mary, the mother of Jesus, was taken (assumed) into heaven, body and soul, following the end of her life on Earth. There is no mention of the Assumption in the New Testament, although various texts are frequently adduced to demonstrate the appropriateness of the doctrine, the imagery of which is related to the Ascension of Jesus into heaven. Theologically, the doctrine means that Mary's redemption involved a glorification of her complete personality and anticipated the state promised to the rest of humankind.

      The doctrine's development is closely related to a feast devoted to Mary that passed from a general celebration in her honour to one celebrated on August 15 commemorating her dormition, or falling asleep. The feast, which originated in the Byzantine Empire, was brought to the West, where the term Assumption replaced the earlier title to reflect increased emphasis on the glorification of Mary's body as well as her soul. Although the dormition of Mary had been a frequent iconographic theme in the East, the theme of the Assumption was less prevalent there. An unwillingness to accept apocryphal (noncanonical and unauthentic) accounts of the Assumption caused some hesitation, but by the end of the European Middle Ages there had been a general acceptance of the notion in both the East and the West.

      The doctrine was declared dogma for Roman Catholics by Pope Pius XII in the apostolic constitution Munificentissimus Deus on Nov. 1, 1950. The Assumption is not considered a revealed doctrine among the Eastern Orthodox (Eastern Orthodoxy) and is considered an obstacle to ecumenical dialogue by many Protestants.

      The Assumption as a theme in Christian art originated in western Europe during the late Middle Ages—a period when devotion to the Virgin Mary was growing in importance. Since the 13th century the Assumption has been widely represented in church decoration, and during the Renaissance and Baroque periods it became a popular subject for altarpieces. Characteristic representations of the Assumption show the Virgin, in an attitude of prayer and supported by angels, ascending above her open tomb, around which the Apostles stand in amazement. Until the end of the 15th century, she is represented surrounded by a mandorla, or almond-shaped aureole; in the 16th century the mandorla was replaced by a cluster of clouds. The basic iconography of the theme, however, remained standard until its decline at the end of the 17th century.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Assumption — As*sump tion (?; 215), n. [OE. assumpcioun a taking up into heaven, L. assumptio a taking, fr. assumere: cf. F. assomption. See {Assume}.] 1. The act of assuming, or taking to or upon one s self; the act of taking up or adopting. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Assumption — ist: Mariä Aufnahme in den Himmel, Mariä Himmelfahrt, Assumtione Beatä Mariä Virginis, und den Festtag, den 15. August namentlich: Assumption (Illinois), eine Stadt in Illinois Assumption (Ohio), eine Stadt in Ohio Assomption (Seychellen), die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Assumption — Assumption, IL U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 1261 Housing Units (2000): 607 Land area (2000): 0.879889 sq. miles (2.278902 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.879889 sq. miles (2.278902… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Assumption, IL — U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 1261 Housing Units (2000): 607 Land area (2000): 0.879889 sq. miles (2.278902 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.879889 sq. miles (2.278902 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • assumption — [n1] taking something for granted; something expected acceptance, accepting, assuming, belief, conjecture, expectation, fancy, guess, hunch, hypothesis, inference, posit, postulate, postulation, premise, presumption, presupposition, shot*, shot… …   New thesaurus

  • Assumption — Assumption, The 1.) in the ↑Roman Catholic religion, the Assumption is when the Virgin Mary (=Jesus mother) went up into heaven, without dying first 2.) the day (15 August) on which this event is celebrated …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • assumption — c.1300, the reception, uncorrupted, of the Virgin Mary into Heaven, also the Church festival (Aug. 15) commemorating this, Feast of the Assumption, from O.Fr. assumpcion and directly from L. assumptionem (nom. assumptio) a taking, receiving, noun …   Etymology dictionary

  • assumption — ► NOUN 1) a thing that is assumed to be true. 2) the action of assuming responsibility or control. 3) (Assumption) the reception of the Virgin Mary bodily into heaven, according to Roman Catholic doctrine …   English terms dictionary

  • Assumption — (spr. Assommschenn), Kirchspiel im nordamerikanischen Staate Louisiana, 15 QM., Boden fruchtbar (angeschwemmtes Land); Producte: Mais, Zucker Orangen, Rindvieh; Verret See, 21/2 Meilen lang, 3/4 Meile breit; La Fourche Kanal mit Dampfschifffahrt; …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Assumption —   [ə sʌmpʃən, englisch], kleine Koralleninsel im Indischen Ozean nördlich von Madagaskar, gehört zur Republik Seychellen …   Universal-Lexikon


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