asparagine

/euh spar"euh jeen', -jin/, n.
a white, crystalline, amino acid, NH2COCH2CH(NH2)COOH, soluble in water, obtained from certain plants, esp. legumes, and used chiefly as a nutrient in culture media for certain bacteria. Abbr.: Asn; Symbol: N
[1805-15; < F; see ASPARAGUS, -INE2]

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One of the nonessential amino acids, widely distributed in plant proteins and closely related to aspartic acid.

First isolated in 1806 from asparagus, it is used in medicine and biochemical research.

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      an amino acid closely related to aspartic acid (q.v.), and an important component of proteins. First isolated in 1932 from asparagus, from which its name is derived, asparagine is widely distributed in plant proteins. It is one of several so-called nonessential amino acids in warm-blooded animals: they can synthesize it from aspartic acid.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Asparagine — L ou S( ) asparagine D ou R(+) asparagine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • asparagine — [ asparaʒin ] n. f. • 1817; du rad. du lat. asparagus « asperge » ♦ Biochim. Acide aminé naturel, amide de l acide aspartique. ● asparagine nom féminin Amide de l acide aspartique, dont l une des trois formes, la l asparagine, fait partie des 20… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Asparagine — As*par a*gine, n. [Cf. F. asparagine.] (Chem.) A white, nitrogenous, crystallizable substance, {C4H8N2O3+H2O}, found in many plants, and first obtained from asparagus. It is believed to aid in the disposition of nitrogenous matter throughout the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • asparagine — [as par′ə jēn΄, asper′jēn; as par′əjin΄] n. [Fr < L asparagus (see ASPARAGUS) + Fr ine, INE3] a nonessential amino acid, NH2COCH2CH(NH2)COOH …   English World dictionary

  • Asparagine — For other articles using the abbreviation or acronym asn, see ASN (disambiguation). L Asparagine …   Wikipedia

  • asparagine — (= b asparagine; Asn; N; 132D) …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • asparagine — asparaginas statusas T sritis chemija formulė H₂NCOCH₂CH(NH₂)COOH santrumpa( os) Asn, N, Asp–NH₂ atitikmenys: angl. asparagine rus. аспарагин ryšiai: sinonimas – 2 amino 3 karbamoilpropano rūgštis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • asparagine — noun Etymology: French, from Latin asparagus Date: 1813 a nonessential amino acid C4H8N2O3 that is an amide of aspartic acid …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • asparagine — noun A nonessential amino acid CHNO found in plants such as asparagus. Syn: Asn …   Wiktionary

  • asparagine — NH2COCH2CH(NH3+COO−; the β amide of aspartic acid, the l isomer is a nutritionally nonessential amino acid occurring in proteins; a diuretic. a. ligase an acid:ammonia ligase (amide synthetase) forming l a. and l glutamate from l aspartate and l… …   Medical dictionary

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