- /ash"dod/; Seph. Heb. /ahsh dawd"/, n.a town in W Israel: an important ancient Philistine city; early center of Christianity. 64,400.
* * *▪ Israelcity of southern Palestine, on the coastal plain of ancient Philistia; since 1948 it has been a city in southwestern Israel and is one of its three international ports and chief industrial centres. In antiquity Ashdod was a member of the Philistine pentapolis (five cities). Although the Bible assigns it to the tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:47), the invading Israelites were unable to subdue it or its satellite towns. When the Ark of the Covenant was lost to the Philistines in battle (1 Samuel 5), it was first taken to the Temple of Dagon at Ashdod. In the 8th century BC the city fell to King Uzziah of Judah (2 Chronicles 26:6) but was soon captured by Assyria. According to the Greek historian Herodotus, Psamtik I, pharaoh of Egypt 664–610 BC, besieged Ashdod for 29 years. Nehemiah, governor of Judaea during the Persian monarchy (5th century BC), condemned the Jews of his time for intermarrying with the Ashdodites (Nehemiah 13). In Hellenistic times the city was known as Azotus. Pompey removed it from Jewish rule and annexed it to the province of Syria. In Byzantine times it was the site of a bishopric (4th–6th century AD), but it declined to village status by the European Middle Ages. The ancient city, under the mound of Tel Ashdod, had outports at Ashdod Yam (Greek: Azotus Páralios; and the Castellum Beroart of the crusaders), south of the modern city, and at Tel Mor, within the present city limits. Excavations there by American and Israeli archaeologists in the 1950s and '60s have revealed remains dating back to the 17th century BC.Modern Ashdod, founded in 1956 and incorporated 1968, is on the coast, 4.5 miles (7 km) north-northwest of the ancient city ruins. The artificial port, enclosed by breakwaters, is southern Israel's only outlet to the Mediterranean; much of the country's citrus crop is exported through Ashdod. There are large synthetic-textile plants and a number of other industries. In addition, Ashdod has a petroleum refinery and one of Israel's major power plants. Pop. (2006 est.) 203,300.
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Ashdod — (he) אשדוד (ar) إسدود … Wikipédia en Français
ASHDOD — (Heb. אַשְׁדּוֹד), city in the southern coastal plain of Ereẓ Israel; the ancient city was 3 mi. (4½ km.) from the sea, the modern city is on the seashore. Ancient Ashdod In the Late Canaanite period, it served as an important harbor city as is… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Ashdod — Infobox Israel municipality name=Ashdod imgsize=70 caption= imgsize3=240 caption3=Ashdod MonArt Arts Centre. hebname=Hebrew|אַשְׁדּוֹד arname= meaning= founded=1956 type=city typefrom=1968 stdHeb= altOffSp= altUnoSp= district=south population=207 … Wikipedia
Ashdod SC — MS Ashdod MS Ashdod Club fondé en … Wikipédia en Français
Ashdod — Aschdod … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ashdod — Ashdọd [ ʃ ], Aschdọd, Hafenstadt in Israel, 25 km südlich von Tel Aviv Jaffa auf Sanddünen gebaut, 155 800 Einwohner. Der Bau des Tiefseehafens Ashdod begann 1960 (Eröffnung 1965); seitdem wuchs die Bevölkerung rasch an (1961: 4 600, 1964:… … Universal-Lexikon
Ashdod — Original name in latin Ashdod Name in other language Aschdod, Asdod, Asdodas, Ashdod, Ashdod Yam, Ashdod on the Sea, Asntont, Asot, Aszdod, Azotus, Adod, Adod, Adod, Adodas, Adod, Ukreir, a shen du de, ashdodi, ashdwd, ashudoddo, asyudodeu, Ашдод … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Ashdod — A modern city founded in 1955 and that takes its name from an ancient Philistine town that was located nearby on the southern portion of the coastal plain. Its important deepwater port on the Mediterranean Sea was opened in 1966. Ashdod had an … Historical Dictionary of Israel
Ashdod — /ˈæʃdɒd/ (say ashdod) noun a town in central Israel, on the Mediterranean coast; major port … Australian English dictionary
Ashdod — geographical name city & port Israel W of Jerusalem population 76,600 … New Collegiate Dictionary