Arminius

/ahr min"ee euhs/, n.
1. (Hermann) 17? B.C.-A.D. 21, Germanic hero who defeated Roman army A.D. 9.
2. Jacobus /jeuh koh"beuhs/, (Jacob Harmensen), 1560-1609, Dutch Protestant theologian.

* * *

▪ German leader
born 18 BC?
died AD 19
 German tribal leader who inflicted a major defeat on Rome by destroying three legions under Publius Quinctilius Varus (Varus, Publius Quinctilius) in the Teutoburg Forest (Teutoburg Forest, Battle of the) (southeast of modern Bielefeld, Ger.), late in the summer of AD 9. This defeat severely checked the emperor Augustus' plans, the exact nature of which is uncertain, for the country between the Rhine and Elbe rivers.

      Arminius was a chief of the Cherusci. In the service of the Romans he had obtained both citizenship and equestrian rank. Six years after the Teutoburg Forest Massacre, Germanicus Caesar engaged Arminius in battle, capturing his wife, Thusnelda, but in AD 16 Arminius skillfully survived a full-scale Roman attack. When Roman operations were suspended in 17, Arminius became involved in war with Maroboduus, king of the Marcomanni, and though successful he was subsequently murdered by his own people. The conception of Arminius as a German national hero reached its climax in the late 19th century. It could claim support from Tacitus' judgment of him as “unquestionably the liberator of Germany” (liberator haud dubie Germaniae); but it is clear that in Arminius' day a united “Germany” was not even an ideal.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Arminius — (in einigen Quellen auch Armenius; * um 17 v. Chr.; † um 21 n. Chr.) war ein Fürst der Cherusker, der den Römern im Jahre 9 n. Chr. in der Varusschlacht mit der Vernichtung von drei Legionen eine ihrer verheerendsten Niederlagen beibrachte. Die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arminius — Arminius, also known as Armin or Hermann (18 BC/17 BC AD 21) was a chieftain of the Cherusci who defeated a Roman army in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest. His tribal coalition against the Roman Empire successfully blocked the efforts of… …   Wikipedia

  • Arminius —  Cet article concerne le chef de guerre germain. Pour le théologien protestant, voir Jacobus Arminius. La statue d Arminius Arminius (16 av. J. C …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arminĭus [1] — Arminĭus (Armin, ein aus deutschem Stamm römisch gebildeter Beiname, der nicht unserm Hermann entspricht), Fürst der Cherusker, geb. 17 v. Chr. als Sohn des Cheruskerfürsten Sigimer, leistete nach der Weise jener Zeit mit seinem Bruder Flavus den …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arminius — Arminius, 1) so v.w. Hermann 1); 2) (Jacob, eigentlich Hermanni od. Harmensen), geb. 1560 zu Oudewater in SHolland, studirte in Basel, Padua u. Rom u. wurde 1587 Prediger in Amsterdam. Es war damals in Holland die Streitfrage, ob der ewige… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Arminĭus [2] — Arminĭus, Jakob (eigentlich Harmensen), Stifter der Arminianer (s. d.), geb. 10. Okt. 1560 zu Oudewater in Südholland, studierte in Utrecht, Marburg und Leiden, hörte 1582 in Genf Beza und besuchte Italien (Rom). 1588 ward er in Amsterdam als… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arminius — Arminĭus (fälschlich für die röm. Form des Namens Hermann gehalten), Befreier Deutschlands vom röm. Joch, geb. 17 v. Chr., Sohn des Cheruskerhäuptlings Segimer, vereinte, aus dem röm. Kriegsdienst nach Deutschland zurückgekehrt, die unzufriedenen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arminius [2] — Arminĭus, Jakob, Begründer der Arminianer (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arminius — Arminius, s. Hermann …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Arminius — Arminius, Jacob …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ARMINIUS — Germanorum Cheruscorum Dux fortissimus, qui Varum cum exercitu suo delevit. Dein a Germavico cruencissimô duplici praeliô superatus, illô in Orientem avocatô, Marroboduum et Inguiomerum patruum sibi adversantes vicit. Tandem au. 12. principatus… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.