Arlington

/ahr"ling teuhn/, n.
1. a county in NE Virginia, opposite Washington, D.C.: national cemetery. 152,599.
2. a city in N Texas. 160,123.
3. a city in E Massachusetts. 48,219.
4. a town in SE New York. 11,305.

* * *

Unincorporated settlement (pop., 2000: 189,453), northern Virginia, U.S. Lying across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C., the city is the capital of Arlington county, which was part of Washington, D.C., from 1789 to 1846, when it was returned to Virginia.

It is the site of Arlington National Cemetery (located on the former estate of Robert E. Lee), Ronald Reagan National Airport, and numerous federal buildings, including the Pentagon.

* * *

      town (township), Middlesex county, east-central Massachusetts, U.S. It is a northwestern suburb of Boston. Settled in 1635 as part of Cambridge, it was known as Menotomy (from an Algonquian word meaning “swift waters”) until separately incorporated as West Cambridge in 1807. It was renamed for George Washington Parke Custis's Virginia estate in 1867, when it was also reincorporated. Its early economy was dependent on market gardening, the shipping of ice (cut from Spy Pond), and the manufacture of textile cards. The town developed as a residential suburb with the arrival of the railway from Boston in 1846. The local economy is dominated by services and wholesale and retail trade, and there also is some light manufacturing.

      Arlington's Jason Russell House (1680) was the scene of a fierce skirmish with the British in which 12 minutemen were killed on April 19, 1775. Their graves are marked in the old cemetery of the town's Unitarian Church. Area 6 square miles (16 square km). Pop. (1990) 44,630; (2000) 42,389.

      city, Tarrant county, northern Texas, U.S., between Fort Worth (west) and Grand Prairie and Dallas (east). Caddo Indians, the first known settlers in the region, were the victims of westward expansion. An early white settlement (1840), on an Indian council site, was called Bird's Fort. Continuing disputes between Indians and would-be settlers ultimately led to the Battle of Village Creek (1841), in which more than 200 Indian lodges were burned and the Caddo routed. The Republic of Texas in 1843 signed a peace treaty with nine Indian tribes at what is now Arlington. The city itself was laid out by railroad men in 1876 and named for General Robert E. Lee's home in Virginia.

      Once known for its cotton ginning and agricultural products, Arlington is primarily an industrial and commercial centre; it has automotive and aerospace industries that developed after 1950, with an accompanying rapid increase in population. It is the seat of the University of Texas (Texas, University of) at Arlington (1895) and the Arlington Baptist College (1939). Six Flags Over Texas, a large amusement park, is located there, and the city is the home of the Texas Rangers professional baseball team. Lake Arlington, a 2,275-acre (921-hectare) reservoir that provides drinking water for the city, is also a popular recreation site. Inc. 1884. Pop. (2000) city, 332,969; Fort Worth–Arlington MD, 1,710,318; Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington MSA, 5,161,544; (2005 est.) city, 362,805; Fort Worth–Arlington MD, 1,926,352; Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington MSA, 5,819,475.

      urban county in northern Virginia, U.S., across the Potomac River (southwest) from Washington, D.C., with which it is connected by five bridges (Francis Scott Key, Arlington Memorial, George Mason, Theodore Roosevelt, and Rochambeau Memorial), and adjoining the city of Alexandria (south).

      Established as Bellehaven (later Alexandria) County, it was ceded to the Federal Government in 1789 and became part of the District of Columbia; the county was returned to Virginia in 1846 and was renamed Arlington in 1920 for the former estate of the Custis-Lee families. Arlington has developed from a number of small villages (including Arlington, the county seat) into an integral part of metropolitan Washington. Governed as a unit, it has no incorporated places.

      One of the smallest counties in the nation, Arlington covers 24 square miles (62 square km) of which about 20 percent is federal property occupied by Arlington National Cemetery, Washington National Airport, Ft. Myer, and the Pentagon (Department of Defense) and other government offices. The county has become a residential and bustling business community with clusters of high-rise buildings and some light manufactures (electric components, scientific instruments, machinery). Housing developments include Ballston, Buckingham, Cherrydale, Clarendon, Columbia Pike, East Falls, Fairlington, Rosslyn, and Westover. Marymount University (Roman Catholic) was founded (1950) in Arlington. Pop. (1990) 170,897; (1994 est.) 174,603.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Arlington — can refer to the following: *Arlington National Cemetery, military cemetery in VirginiaPlacesCanada*Arlington, Nova Scotia *Arlington, Ontario *Arlington, Prince Edward Island *Arlington No. 79, Saskatchewan *Arlington, Yukonouth Africa*… …   Wikipedia

  • Arlington — Arlington, NE U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 1197 Housing Units (2000): 492 Land area (2000): 0.568847 sq. miles (1.473306 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.568847 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Arlington — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El término Arlington puede referirse a: En Estados Unidos: Arlington (Alabama) Arlington (California) Arlington (Carolina del Norte) Arlington (Colorado) Arlington (Dakota del Sur) Arlington (Georgia) Arlington… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Arlington — steht für: Arlington (Adelsgeschlecht), ein englisches Adelsgeschlecht Nationalfriedhof Arlington, einen US amerikanischen Militärfriedhof in Arlington (Virginia) Arlington Hall, den Sitz ehem. U.S. Geheimdienste zwischen 1942 und 1989 (SIS, ASA) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arlington, GA — U.S. city in Georgia Population (2000): 1602 Housing Units (2000): 695 Land area (2000): 3.995820 sq. miles (10.349127 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.009915 sq. miles (0.025681 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.005735 sq. miles (10.374808 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Arlington, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 490 Housing Units (2000): 230 Land area (2000): 1.048276 sq. miles (2.715021 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.048276 sq. miles (2.715021 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Arlington, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 211 Housing Units (2000): 88 Land area (2000): 0.427668 sq. miles (1.107655 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.427668 sq. miles (1.107655 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Arlington, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 459 Housing Units (2000): 218 Land area (2000): 1.198098 sq. miles (3.103059 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.198098 sq. miles (3.103059 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Arlington, KY — U.S. city in Kentucky Population (2000): 395 Housing Units (2000): 213 Land area (2000): 0.399334 sq. miles (1.034270 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.399334 sq. miles (1.034270 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Arlington, MA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Massachusetts Population (2000): 42389 Housing Units (2000): 19411 Land area (2000): 5.182287 sq. miles (13.422061 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.329545 sq. miles (0.853518 sq. km) Total area (2000): 5.511832 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Arlington, MN — U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 2048 Housing Units (2000): 859 Land area (2000): 1.467986 sq. miles (3.802065 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.467986 sq. miles (3.802065 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.