Ariadne

/ar'ee ad"nee/, n.
1. Class. Myth. a daughter of Minos and Pasiphaë who gave Theseus the thread by which he escaped from the labyrinth: deserted by Theseus on Naxos, she became the bride of Dionysus.
2. a female given name.

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In Greek mythology, the daughter of Pasiphaë and King Minos of Crete.

She fell in love with Theseus, who had promised to slay the Minotaur confined in Minos's Labyrinth. She gave Theseus a ball of thread or glittering jewels that enabled him to mark his path and thus to escape the Labyrinth after killing the monster. Endings to the legend vary. In one, Theseus abandons Ariadne and she hangs herself; in others, he carries her to Naxos, where she either dies or marries the god Dionysus. See also Phaedra.

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 in Greek mythology, daughter of Pasiphae and the Cretan king Minos. She fell in love with the Athenian hero Theseus and, with a thread or glittering jewels, helped him escape the Labyrinth after he slew the Minotaur, a beast half bull and half man that Minos kept in the Labyrinth. Here the legends diverge: she was abandoned by Theseus and hanged herself; or, Theseus carried her to Naxos and left her there to die, and she was rescued by and married the god Dionysus.

      Ancient Greek poets and artists liked to portray Ariadne asleep on the shore of Naxos while Dionysus gazes at her with love and admiration. Ariadne's story was later taken up by European artists, writers, and composers, including Richard Strauss in his opera Ariadne auf Naxos (1912; Ariadne on Naxos). In ancient art Ariadne frequently appears as the consort of Dionysus, sometimes with their children.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ariadne — Ariadne, in Greek mythology (Latin Arianna, French Arianne), was daughter of King Minos of Crete and his queen, Pasiphaë, daughter of Helios, the Sun titan. [Pasiphaë is mentioned as Ariadne s mother in Bibliotheke 3.1.2 (Pasiphaë, daughter of… …   Wikipedia

  • Ariadne — ARIADNE, es, (⇒ Tab. XX.) des Minos II, und der Pasiphae, oder, auch nach andern der Crete Tochter, Apollod. lib. IV. c. 1. §. 2. verliebete sich in den Theseus, als solcher unter den Atheniensern, welche dem Minotaurus sollten vorgeworfen werden …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Ariadne — {{Ariadne}} Tochter des Königs Minos* von Kreta und der Pasiphae*, Schwester der Phaidra*. Ariadne gab Theseus** vor seinem Gang ins Labyrinth den »Faden der Ariadne«, ein Garnknäuel, das er vom Eingang her abwickeln sollte, um später den Rückweg …   Who's who in der antiken Mythologie

  • Ariadne — Ariadne. Die Tochter des Königs von Kreta, Minos des Zweiten. Als Theseus von Athen ausgezogen war, um jenen schimpflichen Tribut von Jünglingen und Mädchen zu lösen, welche die Athener alljährlich nach Kreta senden mußten, damit sie dem… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Ariadne — f From classical mythology: the name of a daughter of the Cretan king Minos. She gave the Athenian hero Theseus a ball of wool to enable him to find his way out of the Labyrinth after killing the Minotaur. He took her with him when he sailed from …   First names dictionary

  • ARIADNE — silia Leonis Imperatoris, mater Leonis, hôc mortuô, Zenoni, Leonis successori nupsit, qui a Basiliseo pulsus in Italiam cum uxore confugit, postea in Imperium restitutus, vitiis infamem vitam egit. Hic cum quôdam die somnô vinôque esiet sepultus …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Ariadne — [ar΄ē ad′nē, er΄ē ad′nē] n. [L < Gr Ariadnē] Gr. Myth. King Minos daughter, who gives Theseus the thread by which he finds his way out of the labyrinth …   English World dictionary

  • Ariadne [1] — Ariadne, 1) Tochter des Minos u. der Pasiphaë. Als Theseus unter den Opfern für den Minotauros nach Kreta kam, verliebte sich A. in ihn u. zeigte ihm, wie er den Minotauros tödten u. durch einen gegebenen Fadenknäul aus dem Labyrinth entkommen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ariadne [2] — Ariadne, Sternbild der nördlichen Krone …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Arĭadne — Arĭadne, Tochter des Königs Minos von Kreta und der Pasiphaë, gab, in Liebe entbrannt, dem Theseus (s. d.), als er den Minotauros zu töten kam, ein gefeites Schwert und einen Faden (daher Ariadnefaden), mittels dessen er sich nach vollbrachter… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ariádne — Ariádne, Tochter des Königs Minos von Kreta und der Pasiphaë, verhalf dem Theseus nach Tötung des Minotaurus mit einem Fadenknäuel (Ariadnefaden) zur Rückkehr aus den Irrgängen des Labyrinths, flüchtete mit Theseus, wurde aber auf der Insel Naxos …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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