Argand burner

/ahr"gand, -gahnd, -geuhnd/
a type of oil or gas burner in which air is fed directly into the flame through a metal tube inside a cylindrical wick.
[1780-90; named after Aimé Argand (1750-1803), Swiss scientist]

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▪ oil lamp
      first scientifically constructed oil lamp, patented in 1784 in England by a Swiss, Aimé Argand. The first basic change in lamps in thousands of years, it applied a principle that was later adapted to gas burners. The Argand burner consisted of a cylindrical wick housed between two concentric metal tubes. The inner tube provided a passage through which air rose into the centre to support combustion on the inner surface of the cylindrical flame in addition to that on the outer surface. A glass chimney increased the draft, allowing more complete burning of the oil; an Argand lamp gave about 10 times the light of an earlier lamp of the same size, as well as a cleaner flame, but its oil consumption was greater.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Argand burner — Argand lamp Ar gand lamp [Named from the inventor, Aim[ e] Argand of Geneva.] A lamp with a circular hollow wick and glass chimney which allow a current of air both inside and outside of the flame. [1913 Webster] {Argand burner}, a burner for an… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Argand burner — Burner Burn er, n. 1. One who, or that which, burns or sets fire to anything. [1913 Webster] 2. The part of a lamp, gas fixture, etc., where the flame is produced. [1913 Webster] {Bunsen s burner} (Chem.), see {Bunsen burner}. {Argand burner},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Argand burner — [är′gənd] n. [after its inventor, Aimé Argand (1755 1803), Swiss chemist] a gas or oil burner designed to let air flow inside and outside a cylindrical wick …   English World dictionary

  • argand burner — ˈärˌgan(d) , än(d) , gən(d) noun Usage: usually capitalized A Etymology: after Aimé Argand died 1803 Swiss physicist and inventor : a burner for an Argand lamp or a gas burner applying the principle of that lamp * * * /ahr gand, gahnd, geuhnd/ a… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Argand burner — Ar·gand burner (ahr gahґ) [Aimй Argand, Swiss physicist, 1755–1803] see under burner …   Medical dictionary

  • Argand burner — a burner for oil or gas, with an inner tube for supplying air to the flame …   Medical dictionary

  • Argand lamp — Ar gand lamp [Named from the inventor, Aim[ e] Argand of Geneva.] A lamp with a circular hollow wick and glass chimney which allow a current of air both inside and outside of the flame. [1913 Webster] {Argand burner}, a burner for an Argand lamp …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Burner — Burn er, n. 1. One who, or that which, burns or sets fire to anything. [1913 Webster] 2. The part of a lamp, gas fixture, etc., where the flame is produced. [1913 Webster] {Bunsen s burner} (Chem.), see {Bunsen burner}. {Argand burner}, {Rose… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Argand lamp — an oil lamp with a chimney, having a tubular wick that permits air to reach the center of the flame. [1795 1805; named after A. Argand. See ARGAND BURNER] * * * …   Universalium

  • burner — Synonyms and related words: Argand burner, acetylene welder, annihilator, arsonist, biblioclast, blast lamp, blowpipe, blowtorch, bomber, burning ghat, caliduct, cinerator, cooker, cookery, cremator, crematorium, crematory, demolisher, destroyer …   Moby Thesaurus

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