archetype


archetype
archetypal /ahr"ki tuy'peuhl/, archetypical /ahr'ki tip"i keuhl/, archetypic, adj.archetypally, archetypically, adv.
/ahr"ki tuyp'/, n.
1. the original pattern or model from which all things of the same kind are copied or on which they are based; a model or first form; prototype.
2. (in Jungian psychology) a collectively inherited unconscious idea, pattern of thought, image, etc., universally present in individual psyches.
[1595-1605; < L archetypum an original < Gk archétypon a model, pattern (neut. of archétypos of the first mold, equiv. to arche- ARCHE- + týp(os) mold, TYPE + -os adj. suffix)]

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Primordial image, character, or pattern of circumstances that recurs throughout literature and thought consistently enough to be considered universal.

Literary critics adopted the term from Carl Gustav Jung's theory of the collective unconscious. Because archetypes originate in pre-logical thought, they are held to evoke startlingly similar feelings in reader and author. Examples of archetypal symbols include the snake, whale, eagle, and vulture. An archetypal theme is the passage from innocence to experience; archetypal characters include the blood brother, rebel, wise grandparent, and prostitute with a heart of gold.

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      (from Greek archetypos, “original pattern”), in literary criticism, a primordial image, character, or pattern of circumstances that recurs throughout literature and thought consistently enough to be considered a universal concept or situation.

      The term was adopted and popularized by literary critics from the writings of the psychologist Carl Jung (Jung, Carl), who formulated a theory of a “ collective unconscious.” For Jung, the varieties of human experience have somehow been genetically coded and transferred to successive generations. These primordial image patterns and situations evoke startlingly similar feelings in both reader and author. The Canadian literary critic and theorist Northrop Frye (Frye, Northrop) was influential in extending the use of the term archetype to specifically literary contexts. Archetypal criticism has been connected with another group of thinkers more closely allied to its Jungian roots, including Maud Bodkin and James Hillman.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ARCHÉTYPE — On appelle archétype un modèle idéal, un type suprême ou un prototype: dans ce sens, les Idées chez Platon sont le modèle en même temps que le fondement des choses. Bien d’autres philosophes (Malebranche, Berkeley, mais aussi Locke et Condillac)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Archetype — Ar che*type ([aum]r k[ e]*t[imac]p), n. [L. archetypum, Gr. arche typon, fr. arche typos stamped first and as model; arche = archi + ty pos stamp, figure, pattern, ty ptein to strike: cf. F. arch[ e]type. See {Arch }, pref.] 1. The original… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • archetype — Archetype. s. m. Original, modele, patron. La beauté de Dieu est l archetype de toutes les beautez créées. Il est quelquefois adjectif, & on dit, Le monde archetype, pour dire, Le modele du monde visible …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • archétype — ARCHÉTYPE. s. m. Terme didactique. (Il se prononce Arkétype.) Original, patron, modèle, sur lequel on fait un ouvrage. Il n est guère d usage qu en cette phrase, L Archétype du monde, qui est, selon le langage des Philosophes, l idée de Dieu sur… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • archetype — index example, exemplar, model, paradigm, pattern, precedent, prototype, sample, standard …   Law dictionary

  • archetype — (n.) original pattern from which copies are made, 1540s, from L. archetypum, from Gk. arkhetypon pattern, model, figure on a seal, neuter of adjective arkhetypos first moulded, from arkhe first (see ARCHON (Cf. archon)) + typos model, type, blow …   Etymology dictionary

  • archetype — [n] typical example classic exemplar, form, ideal, model, original, paradigm, pattern, perfect specimen, prime example, prototype, standard; concepts 636,686 Ant. atypical …   New thesaurus

  • archetype — ► NOUN 1) a very typical example. 2) an original model. 3) a recurrent motif in literature or art. DERIVATIVES archetypal adjective archetypical adjective. ORIGIN Greek arkhetupon, from arkhe primitive + tupos a model …   English terms dictionary

  • archetype — [är′kə tīp΄] n. [L archetypus < Gr archetypon < archos (see ARCH ) + typos (see TYPE)] 1. the original pattern, or model, from which all other things of the same kind are made; prototype 2. a perfect example of a type or group 3. in Jungian …   English World dictionary

  • Archetype — An archetype (pronounced: /IPA|ˈɑːkɪtaɪp/ (Brit.) or /IPA|ˈɑrkɪtaɪp/ (Amer.)) is an original model of a person, object, or concept from which similar instances are derived, copied, patterned, or emulated. In psychology, an archetype is a model of …   Wikipedia

  • Archetype — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Archétype. Archetype Album par Fear Factory Sortie 2004 Enregistrement Octobre Novembre 2003 Durée …   Wikipédia en Français


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