arcade

/ahr kayd"/, n., v., arcaded, arcading.
n.
1. Archit.
a. a series of arches supported on piers or columns.
b. an arched, roofed-in gallery. Cf. colonnade.
2. an arched or covered passageway, usually with shops on each side.
3. an establishment, public area, etc., containing games of a mechanical and electronic type, as pinball and video games, that can be played by a customer for a fee.
4. an ornamental carving, as on a piece of furniture, in the form of a row of arches.
v.t.
5. to provide with an arcade.
[1725-35; < F < It arcata arch, equiv. to arc(o) arch (see ARC) + -ata -ATE1]

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Series of arches, supported by columns or piers, joined together end to end in a row.

When supporting a roof, an arcade may function as a passageway adjacent to a solid wall, a covered walkway that provides access to adjacent shops, or a transitional element surrounding an open internal court. See also colonnade.

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 in architecture (arch), a series of arches carried by columns or piers, a passageway between arches and a solid wall, or a covered walkway that provides access to adjacent shops. An arcade that supports a wall, a roof, or an entablature gains enough strength from lateral thrusts that each individual arch exerts against the next to carry tremendous weight loads and to stretch for great distances.

      Ancient aqueducts show an early use of the arcade. Later Roman builders used the pattern to construct large wall surfaces: the Colosseum, with 80 arcaded openings on each of its three stories, is one of the finest examples of this architectural form.

      An arcade with pilasters, or engaged columns attached to piers carrying an entablature, is known as a Roman arcade. During the late empire this was replaced by arches that rested on the capitals of a row of columns, a style that was standard in the Romanesque and Gothic periods and that was revived and widely used during the Renaissance (e.g., Filippo Brunelleschi's Ospedale degli Innocenti in Florence). In Byzantine arcades, spreading blocks called impost blocks were often placed between the capitals and arches, a style used widely throughout the East.

      As a purely decorative element, arcades are used in Gothic churches to divide the nave wall into three horizontal parts—the arcade at floor level, the triforium above, and the clerestory at the top—as well as to frame sculpture on the facade (as can be seen, with excellent effect, on Amiens cathedral). To a lesser extent, Baroque architects made use of this form of the arcade, and it remained a significant element in Europe and America throughout the 19th century.

      As a covered passageway, the arcade has been in use since Roman times. Medieval cloisters often featured arcades, and most Islāmic mosques include arcaded courtyards. In Renaissance towns such as Bologna, arcades line shops and other buildings. Middle Eastern bazaars are often arcaded rows of shops, and the design of modern enclosed or partially enclosed shopping centres has made the use of the label, if not the original form, common in the United States.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

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  • arcade — [ arkad ] n. f. • 1562; it. arcata, de arco « arc », ou vx provenç. arcada « arche » 1 ♦ Archit. Ouverture en arc; ensemble formé d un arc et de ses montants ou points d appui (souvent au plur.). Les arcades d un aqueduc, d un cloître, d une… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Arcade — may refer to: *Arcade (architecture), a passage or walkway, often including retailers *Arcade cabinet, housing which holds an arcade game s hardware *Arcade game, a coin operated game machine usually found in a game or video arcade *Arcade system …   Wikipedia

  • Arcade — Arcade, NY U.S. village in New York Population (2000): 2026 Housing Units (2000): 876 Land area (2000): 2.501221 sq. miles (6.478133 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.003744 sq. miles (0.009696 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.504965 sq. miles (6.487829… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Arcade — árcade (del lat. «Arcas, ádis», del gr. «arkás») 1 adj. y n. Arcadio. 2 m. Miembro de una academia de *poesía llamada «de los árcades», establecida en Roma. * * * árcade. (Del lat. Arcas, ădis, y este del gr. ᾿Αρκάς). adj. Natural de la Arcadia.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • arcade — [är kād′] n. [Fr < Prov arcada < ML arcata < L arcus, arch: see ARC] 1. a passage having an arched roof 2. any covered passageway, esp. one with shops along the sides 3. a) PENNY ARCADE b) a place somewhat like a penn …   English World dictionary

  • Arcade, GA — U.S. city in Georgia Population (2000): 1643 Housing Units (2000): 609 Land area (2000): 6.462608 sq. miles (16.738077 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.022325 sq. miles (0.057821 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.484933 sq. miles (16.795898 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Arcade, NY — U.S. village in New York Population (2000): 2026 Housing Units (2000): 876 Land area (2000): 2.501221 sq. miles (6.478133 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.003744 sq. miles (0.009696 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.504965 sq. miles (6.487829 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Arcade — Ar*cade , n. [F. arcade, Sp. arcada, LL. arcata, fr. L. arcus bow, arch.] 1. (Arch.) (a) A series of arches with the columns or piers which support them, the spandrels above, and other necessary appurtenances; sometimes open, serving as an… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • arcade — UK US /ɑːˈkeɪd/ noun [C] COMMERCE ► a covered area or passage containing stores: » shopping arcade …   Financial and business terms

  • arcade — ARCADE. s. f. Ouverture en arc. Grande arcade. Les arcades d un bâtiment. Les arcades de la Place Royale …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Arcade — Essentiellement porté en Martinique, c est un ancien prénom, popularisé par saint Arcade (fête le 1er août), qui fut évêque de Bourges au VIe siècle. Etymologiquement, le nom est lié à l Arcadie, région de la Grèce antique célèbre pour ses… …   Noms de famille

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