- /ah'kwee le"yah/, n.an ancient Roman city at the northern end of the Adriatic: founded in 181 B.C.; destroyed by Attila in A.D. 452.
* * *▪ Italyformerly a city of the Roman Empire and a patriarchate of the Roman Catholic Church; it is now a village in the Friuli–Venezia Giulia region in northeastern Italy, on the Natisone River near the Adriatic coast, northwest of Trieste.Founded as a Roman colony in 181 BC to prevent barbarian incursions, Aquileia's position at the junction of the Via Postumia with roads north and east to the Roman provinces of Illyria, Pannonia, and Noricum encouraged its rapid growth as a commercial as well as military centre. By the 4th century it had become capital of the administrative regions of Venetia and Istria. Although the city had been unsuccessfully besieged by the Marcomanni and the Quadi (Germanic tribes) in 167, it fell to the Huns and was sacked in 452. The Lombards' (Lombard) invasion of Italy in 568 and their conquest of the Venetian mainland marked the final eclipse of Aquileia's political and economic importance; it became part of the Lombard duchy of Friuli.An episcopal see (according to tradition, founded by St. Mark) from about the middle of the 3rd century, Aquileia became in the 5th century the metropolitan see for Venetia and Istria as well as for the outlying region north and east. After the condemnation in 554 by Pope Vigilius of the Three Chapters (heretical writings based on the emperor Justinian's ecclesiastical policies), Aquileia seceded from Rome, its bishop Macedonius adopting the title of patriarch in defiance of the Pope. The see remained schismatic when the patriarch Paolino I fled to Grado (the earlier foreport of Aquileia) after the Lombard invasion. When Candianus, who was loyal to Rome, was elected metropolitan at Grado in 607, the suffragan bishops of the Lombard mainland elected an abbot, John, at Aquileia, and he continued the schismatic policy of his predecessors.The schism was finally ended under the pontificate of Sergius I (687–701) at a council at Pavia. Henceforth, Aquileia and Grado were recognized as separate sees and patriarchates. The residence of the patriarch of Aquileia had been transferred to Cormons in 627 for reasons of safety and to Cividale in 730. Aquileia's ecclesiastical importance was much enhanced by the mission of Bishop Paolino II (died 802) to the Avars and Slovenes, and in the 11th century Aquileia acquired extensive political privileges and feudal dominions, largely from the German kings. Bishop Poppone, who built Aquileia's Basilica Teodoriana (1021–31), was granted the right to coin money, and the see was invested with the county of Friuli and the marches (frontier territories) of Carniola (1077) and Istria (1209).It remained a feudal principality until the conquest of Friuli by Venice in 1419–20. By the treaty of 1445, the patriarch finally acquiesced in the Venetian conquest and retained only Aquileia itself, San Vito, and San Daniele del Friuli. From the 15th century, the patriarchs were always Venetians. In 1751 Pope Benedict XIV suppressed the patriarchate and created the archbishoprics of Udine and Gorizia in its place. Aquileia, with its cathedral, was placed under papal jurisdiction. Pop. (2006 est.) mun., 3,472.
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Aquileia — Comune Comune di Aquileia The Basilica of Aq … Wikipedia
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Aquileia — • A former city of the Roman Empire, situated at the head of the Adriatic Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Aquileia Aquileia † … Catholic encyclopedia
AQUILEIA — AQUILEIA, town in Friuli, northern Italy. The earliest evidence of a Jewish presence in Aquileia is an epitaph in Latin, of a certain Lucius Aiacius Dama, freedman of Publius, a Jew, dated to the late first century B.C.E. There is no other… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
aquiléia — s. f. [Botânica] Planta de inflorescência radiada e disposta em corimbo. = AQUILEJA ♦ [Brasil] Grafia de aquileia antes do Acordo Ortográfico de 1990. ♦ Grafia em Portugal: aquileia … Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa
Aquileia — lat. germ.?, Ortsname: nhd. Aquileia (Aalen?); Quelle: Ortsname; Etymologie: kelt. Herkunft? … Germanisches Wörterbuch
aquileia — s. f. [Botânica] Planta de inflorescência radiada e disposta em corimbo. = AQUILEJA … Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa
Aquileia — Aquilée Aquilée Ajouter une image Administration Nom italien Aquileia Nom allemand Aglar Nom frioulan Aquilee Nom slovène Oglej Pays … Wikipédia en Français
Aquileia — Original name in latin Aquileia Name in other language Akwileja, Aquilee, Aquileia, Aquileja, Aquile, Oglej, akuireia State code IT Continent/City Europe/Rome longitude 45.77028 latitude 13.36833 altitude 1 Population 3329 Date 2012 02 15 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Aquileia — Akvileja Аквилеја (Macedonian), Akvilia (Finnish), Akwileja (Polish), Aquilea (Spanish), Aquileia (Italian, Portuguese, Romanian), Aquilée (French), Aquilee (Friulian), Aquileja or Agley (German), Oglej (Slovene) … Names of cities in different languages