appoggiatura

/euh poj'euh toor"euh, -tyoor"euh/; It. /ahp pawd'jah tooh"rddah/, n. Music.
a note of embellishment preceding another note and taking a portion of its time.
[1745-55; < It: a propping, equiv. to appoggiat(o), ptp. of appoggiare to support (see AP-1, PODI(UM), -ATE1) + -ura -URE]

* * *

music
      (from Italian appoggiare, “to lean”), in music, an ornamental note of long or short duration that temporarily displaces, and subsequently resolves into, a main note, usually by stepwise motion. During the Renaissance and early Baroque, the appoggiatura was of moderate length, averaging one-third of the main note, and was more in the nature of a melodic than a harmonic ornament. By the time of Johann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750), appoggiaturas were divided into two species: the short, which borrows an inconsiderable length from its main note and therefore has little effect on the harmony; and the long, which takes half or more of the length of its main note and therefore substantially affects the harmony, creating a dissonance that then resolves, on the main note, to a consonance. Because its purpose was mainly expressive, whether in purely melodic or harmonic terms, the typical appoggiatura in 17th- and 18th-century music occurred on the beat, rather than before it, “leaning” on the principal note, as suggested by the term's derivation.

      The most common sign for the appoggiatura was a small note indicating the precise pitch of the ornament but only implying by relative size its duration, which depended largely upon the context and was governed by broadly acknowledged conventions. Convention also accounts for the fact that appoggiaturas were not always written out in Baroque music, even where their performance was taken for granted, as in the final cadences of operatic recitatives. In such instances, their omission by modern performers violates the composer's original intent.

      The 19th-century tendency to notate the long appoggiatura in regular, rather than small, print foreshadowed the gradual abandonment of most embellishments, including the traditional symbol for the short appoggiatura, a small note with a slashed stem. The latter had in fact led to some confusion with the acciaccatura, a dissonant ornamental note played simultaneously with the main note but quickly released. Moreover, in 19th-century practice, grace notes, including the appoggiatura, were increasingly performed before the beat, and it was to take several generations of pioneering in the history of performance practice before the stylistic significance of the appoggiatura in pre-19th-century music was once again appreciated and understood.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Appoggiatura —   [apɔddʒa tuːra, italienisch] die, /...ren, Musik: Vorschlag. * * * Ap|pog|gi|a|tur [apɔdʒa tu:ɐ̯], Ap|pog|gi|a|tu|ra [... tu:ra], die; , ...ren [ital. appoggiatura, eigtl. = Stütze, zu: appogiare = stützen, über das Vlat. zu lat. ad = zu, bei u …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Appoggiatura — Ap*pog gia*tu ra, n. [It., fr. appogiarre to lean, to rest; ap (L. ad) + poggiare to mount, ascend, poggio hill, fr. L. podium an elevated place.] (Mus.) A passing tone preceding an essential tone, and borrowing the time it occupies from that; a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Appoggiatura — (ital., spr. dschatūra), in der Musik soviel wie Vorschlag (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • appoggiatura — (izg. apodžatȗra) ž DEFINICIJA glazb. melodijski ukras od jednog ili više tonova koji prethodi glavnom tonu, služi obogaćenju melodijske linije; predudar, predraz ETIMOLOGIJA tal …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • appoggiatura — [ə päj΄ə toor′ə] n. [It < appoggiare, to rest, lean < VL appodiare, to support < L ad , to + * podiare, to support < podium, PODIUM] Music a rhythmically strong dissonant grace note used melodically and resolving to a principal… …   English World dictionary

  • Appoggiatura — Notenausschnitt mit Fokus auf eine Appoggiatura Verzierung Appoggiatura (it. „Vorschlag“) bezeichnet eine Verzierung in der Instrumental und Vokalmusik. Sie besteht aus einem oder mehreren Tönen, die zwischen zwei Melodietöne eingeschoben werden… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • appoggiatura — noun /ə.pɔ.dʒə.ˈtʊɹ.ə/ A melodically important musical ornament, sounded on the beat, preceding a main note (which it is one scale step higher or lower than) and normally subtracting for itself half of the time value of that main note; written as …   Wiktionary

  • appoggiatura —   n. Music, short note placed before a longer one.    ♦ short appoggiatura, acciaccatura …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • appoggiatura — noun Etymology: Italian, literally, support Date: 1753 an embellishing note or tone preceding an essential melodic note or tone and usually written as a note of smaller size …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • appoggiatura — ap·pog·gia·tù·ra s.f. 1. TS mus. abbellimento che consiste in una nota il cui valore deve essere sottratto alla nota che segue 2. TS teatr. particolare intonazione per evidenziare nella recitazione una parola o una frase {{line}} {{/line}} DATA:… …   Dizionario italiano

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.