apostasy

/euh pos"teuh see/, n., pl. apostasies.
a total desertion of or departure from one's religion, principles, party, cause, etc.
[1350-1400; ME apostasye ( < AF) < LL apostasia < Gk: a standing away, withdrawing, equiv. to apóstas(is) (apo- APO- + sta- STAND + -sis -SIS) + -ia -IA]

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      the total rejection of Christianity by a baptized person who, having at one time professed the Christian faith, publicly rejects it. It is distinguished from heresy, which is limited to the rejection of one or more Christian doctrines by one who maintains an overall adherence to Jesus Christ.

      A celebrated controversy in the early church concerned sanctions against those who had committed apostasy during persecution and had then returned to the church when Christians were no longer being persecuted. The question at stake was whether the apostates should be accepted again into the church. Some early Christian emperors added civil sanctions to ecclesiastical laws regarding apostates. Certain theologians of the 4th and 5th centuries considered apostasy to be as serious as adultery and murder. In the 20th century, Roman Catholic Canon Law (Canon Law, Code of) still imposed the sanction of excommunication for those whose rejection of the faith fitted the technical definition of apostasy. But the absence of civil sanctions and an increasing tolerance of divergent viewpoints have tended increasingly to mitigate the reaction of believers to those who reject Christianity.

      The term apostasy has also been used to refer to those who have abandoned the monastic and clerical states without permission.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Apostasy — (IPA: /əˈpɒstəsi/) is the formal religious disaffiliation or abandonment or renunciation of one s religion, especially if the motive is deemed unworthy. In a technical sense, as used sometimes by sociologists without the pejorative connotations… …   Wikipedia

  • APOSTASY — APOSTASY, term applied by members of the deserted faith for the change of one faith, set of loyalties, and worship for another. The conception of apostasy could not arise in the atmosphere of polytheism practiced in antiquity before the advent of …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Apostasy — • The word itself in its etymological sense, signifies the desertion of a post, the giving up of a state of life; he who voluntarily embraces a definite state of life cannot leave it, therefore, without becoming an apostate Catholic Encyclopedia …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Apostasy — A*pos ta*sy, n.; pl. {Apostasies}. [OE. apostasie, F. apostasie, L. apostasia, fr. Gr. ? a standing off from, a defection, fr. ? to stand off, revolt; ? from + ? to stand. See {Off} and {Stand}.] An abandonment of what one has voluntarily… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • apostasy — index abandonment (desertion), bad faith, blasphemy, desertion, disloyalty, dissent (difference of opinion) …   Law dictionary

  • apostasy — (n.) late 14c., renunciation, abandonment or neglect of established religion, from L. apostasia, from later Gk. apostasia, from apostasis revolt, defection, lit. a standing off (see APOSTATE (Cf. apostate)). General (non religious) sense is… …   Etymology dictionary

  • apostasy — desertion, *defection …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • apostasy — ► NOUN ▪ abandonment of a belief or principle. ORIGIN Greek apostasis desertion …   English terms dictionary

  • apostasy — [ə päs′tə sē] n. pl. apostasies [ME apostasie < LL(Ec) apostasia < Gr apo , away + stasis, a standing: see STASIS] an abandoning of what one has believed in, as a faith, cause, or principles …   English World dictionary

  • Apostasy — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. L apostasie (du grec ancien ἀπόστασις (apostasis), se tenir loin de) est l attitude d une personne, appelée un apostat, qui renonce publiquement à une… …   Wikipédia en Français

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