angary

/ang"geuh ree/, n. Internat. Law.
the right of a belligerent state to seize and use the property of neutrals for purposes of warfare, subject to payment of full compensation.
[1875-80; < LL angaria service to a lord < Gk angareía couriership, equiv. to ángaros official courier ( < OPers) + -eia -Y3]

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      in international law, the right of belligerents to requisition for their use neutral merchant vessels, aircraft, and other means of transport that are within their territorial jurisdiction. Generally, the right of angary should be applied only in case of pressing need in time of war, and compensation is due to the neutral owner. The right of angary has, in effect, come to be extended to cover not only land and sea transport but also any kind of neutral property under the jurisdiction of a belligerent.

      The right of angary was applied on several occasions during World Wars I and II. Thus, by proclamation of March 20, 1918, the president of the United States took over merchant vessels of Dutch registry lying in U.S. waters. Similar action was taken by Great Britain, France, and Italy. The United States in 1941, though formally still neutral, took over foreign vessels lying idle in its territorial waters but did so under a special right conferred by statute.

      It has come to be recognized that the peacetime powers of expropriation grant adequate authority to seize and requisition property under the territorial jurisdiction of a belligerent state without having recourse to the right of angary.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Angary — (Lat. jus angariae ; Fr. droit d angarie ; Ger. Angarie ; from the Gr. polytonic|ἀγγαρεία, (angaria) , the office of an polytonic|ἄγγαρος, courier or messenger), the name given to the right of a belligerent (most commonly, a government or other… …   Wikipedia

  • angary — [aŋ′gə rē] n. [LL angaria, enforced service < Gr angareia, impressment for the public service < angaros, a mounted courier; prob. < OPers term] International Law the right of a belligerent to use or destroy a neutral s property if… …   English World dictionary

  • angary — noun The right of a government etc., in time of war, to seize, use or destroy property of a belligerent or neutral state, provided compensation is paid …   Wiktionary

  • angary — n. right to seize property in a state of emergency (i.e. war) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • angary — [ aŋgəri] noun Law the right of a country at war to seize or destroy neutral property out of military necessity, provided that compensation is paid. Origin C19: from Fr. angarie chore, imposition , from Ital. or L. angaria forced service , from… …   English new terms dictionary

  • angary — an·ga·ry …   English syllables

  • angary — /ˈæŋgəri/ (say angguhree) noun International Law the right of a belligerent state to seize and use the property of neutrals for purposes of warfare, subject to payment of full compensation. {Latin angaría forced service (to a lord), from Greek… …   Australian English dictionary

  • angary —   n. right of belligerent to take or destroy property of neutral, subject to compensation …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • angary — Right of a belligerent to take the property of a neutral for use …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • angary — n. Law the right of a belligerent (subject to compensation for loss) to seize or destroy neutral property under military necessity. Etymology: F angarie ult. f. Gk aggareia f. aggaros courier …   Useful english dictionary

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