- /ahn kaw"nah/, n.1. a seaport in E Italy, on the Adriatic Sea. 107,922.2. one of a Mediterranean breed of chickens having mottled black-and-white plumage.
* * *Seaport (pop., 2001: 100,402), capital of the Marche region, central Italy.Founded by colonists from Syracuse с 390 BC, it was taken by Rome in the 2nd century BC. It became a flourishing port particularly favoured by Trajan, who enlarged the harbour. It was attached to the Holy Roman Empire in the 12th century; in the 16th century it came under papal protection, which was largely maintained until Ancona became part of Italy in 1861. It underwent severe bombing in World War II, but many notable Roman and medieval landmarks survive.
* * *▪ Italycapital of Ancona provincia and of Marche regione, in central Italy, on the Adriatic Sea on the farthest branch of the promontory that descends from the Conero massif. Founded by Syracusan colonists in about 390 BC, it was taken by Rome in the 2nd century BC and became a flourishing port, particularly favoured by the Roman emperor Trajan, who enlarged the harbour. Attacked by Goths, Lombards, and Saracens, Ancona declined but recovered its importance in the Middle Ages; it was one of the five cities of the Maritime Pentapolis under the Byzantine exarchate of Ravenna. The seat of a Carolingian march (frontier borderland), it eventually became a semi-independent republic under papal control; direct papal rule was established in 1532 and, with the exception of a period of French domination (1797–1816), was maintained until Ancona became part of Italy in 1860. The city was bombarded by the Austrian fleet (1915) during World War I and suffered severe damage from Allied bombings (1943–44) during World War II.Notable landmarks, restored since the war, include the marble Arch of Trajan (AD 115); the 11th- to 12th-century Church of Santa Maria della Piazza, with an ornate facade dating from 1210 and remains of 5th- and 7th-century mosaics; and the 12th- to 13th-century Cathedral of San Ciriaco, which is supposed to occupy the site of a Roman temple of Venus and incorporates the remains of a basilica of the 5th–6th century. The city has many fine Gothic buildings and is the site of the National Museum of Marche, with a valuable archaeological collection and art gallery, although some local monuments suffered earthquake damage during the 1970s. Ancona is the seat of an archbishop.The harbour, originally protected only by the elbow-shaped promontory from which the city takes its name (Greek angkon, “elbow”), has modern installations built since World War II, including a petroleum refinery. Although Ancona's importance as a port has diminished, it is a busy market centre, with ships plying between Italian and Croatian ports on the Adriatic. Ancona is on the main east-coast rail line from Milan and Bologna to Brindisi and Foggia; it is also connected to Rome by a main line. Industries include shipbuilding and the manufacture of machinery, chemicals, medicines, foodstuffs, textiles, furniture, and bricks. Pop. (2000 est.) mun., 98,329.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Ancona — Ancona … Deutsch Wikipedia
ANCONA — (Marche), Adriatic seaport in Italy. According to Early Christian legends, the first bishop of Ancona was no less than the Great Rabbi of Jerusalem, who took the Christian name of Quincus after baptism. Jews were living near Ancona in 967. In… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Ancona — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ancona Escudo … Wikipedia Español
ANCONA — (D Ancona), Italian family whose members were active in the Italian Risorgimento. ALESSANDRO (1835–1914), patriot, philologist, and literary critic. Born into a wealthy Pisa family, Alessandro studied at Pisa University. In these early years he… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
anconă — ancónă s. f., pl. ancóne Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic ANCÓNĂ s.f. (arhit.) 1. Consolă care susţine cornişa. 2. Masă aşezată în altar, sculptată sau pictată. ♦ Nişă sau cornişă unde este aşezată această masă. [<… … Dicționar Român
Ancona — es una ciudad y puerto en Las Marcas(Marche), una región del noreste de Italia. Ancona tiene una población de 100,507 habitantes. Está situada en el mar Adriático y es el cento de la provincia homónima. La ciudad se encuentra a 132 millas al… … Enciclopedia Universal
Ancōna  — Ancōna, Alessandro d , namhafter ital. Literarhistoriker, geb. 20. Febr. 1835 in Pisa, studierte in Florenz und veröffentlichte schon 1854 die italienischen Schriften Tommaso Campanellas (Turin, 2 Bde.) mit einer umfangreichen Biographie des… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Ancona  — Ancōna, Alessandro d , Schriftsteller, s. D Ancona … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Ancōna — Ancōna, 1) Mark A., Theil des Kirchenstaats, am Adriatischen Meere, von einem Theil der Apenninen durchzogen; bringt Südfrüchte u. Holz; Küsten durch Thürme gegen die Seeräuber geschützt. 172 QM.; 740,000 Ew. Unter Napoleon war sie in die… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Ancōna  — Ancōna, 1) früher als Mark A. der Teil Mittelitaliens zwischen dem Adriatischen Meer und den Apenninen, vom Tronto bis San Marino. Lange ein Teil des Herzogtums Spoleto, ward diese Landschaft 1093 oder 1094 einem deutschen Reichsministerialen,… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Ancōna  — Ancōna (die »Ellbogenstadt«), Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen ital. Provinz und der alten Mark A., am Adriatischen Meer zwischen den Ausläufern des 572 m hohen Monte Conero amphitheatralisch gelegen, Knotenpunkt an der Eisenbahn Bologna A. Brindisi … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon