- —Anaximandrian /euh nak'seuh man"dree euhn/, adj./euh nak'seuh man"deuhr/, n.611?-547? B.C., Greek astronomer and philosopher.
* * *born 610 BC, Miletusdied 546/545 BCGreek philosopher, often called the founder of astronomy.He apparently wrote treatises on geography, astronomy, and cosmology that survived for several centuries and made a map of the known world. He was the first thinker to develop a cosmology. A rationalist, he prized symmetry and used geometry and mathematical proportions to help map the heavens; his theories thus departed from earlier, more mystical conceptions and foreshadowed the achievements of later astronomers. Whereas earlier theories had suggested Earth was suspended or supported from elsewhere in the heavens, Anaximander asserted that Earth remained unsupported at the centre of the universe because it had no reason to move in any direction.Anaximander, represented with a sundial, mosaic, 3rd century AD; in the Rhineland Museum, Trier, ...By courtesy of the Landesmuseum, Trier, Ger.
* * *▪ Greek philosopherborn 610 BC, Miletus [now in Turkey]died 546/545 BCGreek philosopher often called the founder of astronomy, the first thinker to develop a cosmology, or systematic philosophical view of the world.Anaximander is thought to have been a pupil of Thales of Miletus. Evidence exists that he wrote treatises on geography, astronomy, and cosmology that survived for several centuries, and that he made a map of the known world. As a rationalist he prized symmetry and introduced geometry and mathematical proportions into his efforts to map the heavens. Thus, his theories departed from earlier, more mystical conceptions of the universe and prefigured the achievements of later astronomers.Only one sentence of Anaximander's writings survives, however, so that reports from later writers form the primary record of his discoveries. That sentence describes the emergence of particular substances such as water or fire in metaphors drawn from human society, in which injustices are penalized. For example, neither hot nor cold prevails permanently, but each “pays reparations” in order to keep a balance between them.Anaximander derived the world from a nonperceptible substance called the apeiron (“unlimited”). This state preceded the “separation” into contrasting qualities, such as hot and cold, wet and dry, and thus represents the primitive unity of all phenomena. Anaximander subscribed to the philosophical view that unity could definitely be found behind all multiplicity. A novel element in Anaximander's theory was his rejection of the older notion that the Earth was somehow suspended or supported from elsewhere in the heavens; instead, he asserted that the Earth remained in its unsupported position at the centre of the universe because it had no reason to move in any direction and therefore was at rest.Additional ReadingG.S. Kirk and J.E. Raven, The Presocratic Philosophers (1957); Charles H. Kahn, Anaximander and the Origins of Greek Cosmology (1960); Paul Seligman, The Apeiron of Anaximander (1962).
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Anaximander — Anaximander, der Landsmann und nächste Schüler von Thales, war wie dieser durch mathematische, astronomische, physikalische u. geographische Kenntnisse ausgezeichnet. In der Reihe der jonischen Naturphilosophen nimmt er die zweite Stelle ein.… … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Anaximander — Anaximander, aus Milet, geb. um 610 v. Chr., Schüler des Thales, lebte bei Polykrates auf Samos u. st. nach 546. Er ist einer der ältesten griechischen Philosophen aus der Ionischen Schule; nach ihm ist das Erste das Unbegrenzte, welches Alles in … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Anaximander — Anaximander, griech. Philosoph, geb. 611 zu Milet, gest. nach 546 v. Chr., nahm einen beschaffenheitslosen Urstoff, das Unendliche, an, aus dem die Einzeldinge hervorgingen und in den sie sich wieder auflösen müßten … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Anaximander — of Miletus … Philosophy dictionary
Anaximander — [ə naks΄ə man′dər] 611? 547? B.C.; Gr. philosopher, astronomer, & mathematician … English World dictionary
Anaximander — otheruses4|the Pre Socratic philosopherInfobox Philosopher region = Western Philosophy era = Pre Socratic philosophy color = #B0C4DE image caption = Detail of Raphael s painting The School of Athens , 1510–1511. This could be a representation of… … Wikipedia
Anaximander — Umstrittene Darstellung Anaximanders, Detailansicht aus „Die Schule von Athen“, Raphael Santi, 1510/1511, Stanzen des Vatikans, Rom Anaximander (altgriech. Ἀναξίμανδρος, Anaximandros) (* um 610 v. Chr. in Milet; † nach… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Anaximander — Anaximạnder, Anaximandros, griechischer Naturphilosoph aus dem ionischen Milet, * um 610 v. Chr., ✝ um 546 v. Chr.; Schüler und Nachfolger des Thales, übernahm von den Babyloniern den Gnomon (Schattenweiser) und bestimmte damit die… … Universal-Lexikon
ANAXIMANDER — I. ANAXIMANDER Anaximandri fil. Milesius iunior, temporibus Artaxerxis Mnemonis. Συμβόλαν Πυθαγορειων ἐξήγησν scripsit, teste Suidâ in Αναξιμ. Vide Voss. de Hist. Graec. l. 1. c. 6. Augustin. l. de Div. Dei 8. c. 2. Plut. Plac. Phil. Plin. l. 2.… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Anaximander — biographical name 610 circa 547 B.C. Greek philosopher & astronomer • Anaximandrian adjective … New Collegiate Dictionary