anaphora

anaphoral, adj.
/euh naf"euhr euh/, n.
1. Also called epanaphora. Rhet. repetition of a word or words at the beginning of two or more successive verses, clauses, or sentences. Cf. epistrophe (def. 1), symploce.
2. Gram. the use of a word as a regular grammatical substitute for a preceding word or group of words, as the use of it and do in I know it and he does too. Cf. cataphora.
3. (sometimes cap.) Eastern Ch.
a. the prayer of oblation and consecration in the Divine Liturgy during which the Eucharistic elements are offered.
b. the part of the ceremony during which the Eucharistic elements are offered as an oblation.
[1580-90; < LL < Gk: a bringing back, repeating, equiv. to ana- ANA- + -phora, akin to phérein to carry, bring; cf. -PHORE, -PHOROUS]

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      (Greek: “a carrying up or back”), a literary or oratorical device involving the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of several sentences or clauses, as in the well-known passage from the Old Testament ( Ecclesiastes 3:1–2) that begins:

For everything there is a season, and a time
for every matter under heaven:
a time to be born, and a time to die;
a time to plant, and a time to pluck up
what is planted; . . .

      Anaphora (sometimes called epanaphora) is used most effectively for emphasis in argumentative prose and sermons and in poetry, as in these lines from Shakespeare's Hamlet: “to die, to sleep / To sleep—perchance to dream.” It is also used to great effect in such poetry as these lines from “My Cat Jeoffry” in Jubilate Agno written by an 18th-century English poet, Christopher Smart: (Smart, Christopher)

For I will consider my Cat Jeoffry.
For he is the servant of the Living God duly
and daily serving him.
For at the first glance of the glory of God in the
East he worships in his way.
For is this done by wreathing his body seven
times round with elegant quickness.
For then he leaps up to catch the musk, which is
the blessing of God upon his prayer. . . .

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anaphora — • A liturgical term in the Greek Rite Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Anaphora     Anaphora     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Anaphora — A*naph o*ra, n. [L., fr. Gr. anafora , fr. anafe rein to carry up or back; ana + fe rein to carry.] (Rhet.) 1. A repetition of a word or of words at the beginning of two or more successive clauses. [1913 Webster] 2. the use of a substitute word,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • anaphora — in general is used of coreferential relations, where one element in a sentence takes its meaning or reference from another. In ‘John said that it would rain, but I don’t believe it’ the last ‘it’ refers back to what John said. In the study in… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • anaphora — (n.) repetition of a word or phrase in successive clauses, 1580s, from Latin, from Gk. anaphora reference, lit. a carrying back, from anapherein to carry back, to bring up, from ana back (see ANA (Cf. ana )) + pherein to bear (see INFER (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • Anaphŏra — (gr., Aufsteigen, Emporbringen, Richtung auf ein Ziel, Beziehung), 1) (att. Rechtsw.), das Zurückschieben einer Beschuldigung auf einen Andern; 2) Berufung auf einen Zeugen od. eine andere Autorität; 3) (Anapher, lat. Repetitio, Rhet.), Figur,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Anaphŏra — Anaphŏra, 1) (Canon missae), in der Griechischen Kirche der Theil der Abendmahlsliturgie, wo die Consecration der Abendmahlselemente geschieht; 2) Buch, worin die Abendmahlsliturgie enthalten ist …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Anáphora — (griech., Anápher, »Zurückbringung«), in der Rhetorik die nachdrucksvolle Wiederholung eines oder mehrerer Worte im Anfang mehrerer aufeinander folgender Sätze, z. B. Körners »Vater, ich rufe dich, Vater, erhöre mich!« …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Anaphora — Anaphŏra (Anápher, grch.), rhetorische Figur; nachdrucksvolle Wiederholung derselben Worte zu Anfang mehrerer aufeinander folgender Sätze …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Anaphora — Anaphora, rhetor. Figur, die nachdrückliche Wiederholung desselben Wortes im Anfange mehrerer auf einander folgender Sätze …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • anaphora — [ə naf′ə rə] n. [L < Gr < ana , up, back + pherein, to BEAR1] repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses, lines of verse, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Anaphora — Die Anaphora (lat. repetitio) ist eine musikalisch rhetorische Figur und bezeichnet eine fortlaufende Wiederholung eines Themas, oder Figur in verschiedenen folgenden Sätzen, die den Affekt des Nachdrucks mit sich bringen soll. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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