Anáhuac

/euh nah"wahk/; Sp. /ah nah"wahk/, n.
the central plateau of Mexico, between the Sierra Madre Occidental and the Sierra Madre Oriental ranges (3700 to 9000 ft.; 1128 to 2743 m): center of former Aztec civilization.

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▪ historical and geographical region, Mexico
 historical and cultural region of Mexico. The heartland of Aztec Mexico, Anáhuac (Nahuatl: “Land on the Edge of the Water”) designated that part of New Spain that became independent Mexico in 1821. The original Anáhuac of the Aztecs was the part of the Mesa Central of Mexico, an area about 50 miles (80 km) long by 30 miles (50 km) wide, with an average elevation of 7,500 feet (2,300 metres). When the Spaniards arrived in 1519, the valley contained five interlocking lakes (Zumpango, Xaltocan, Texcoco, Xochimilco, and Chalco), in the midst of which stood Tenochtitlán (now Mexico City), the Aztec capital, linked to the mainland by three long causeways. In 1607–08 much of the water was drained off to the Pánuco River system by a ditch and tunnel, and in the 20th century Lake Texcoco (Texcoco, Lake) was further emptied. Its salt marshes remain, as do Xochimilco's floating gardens, but the vast water area to the east of downtown Mexico City is gone. Saline deposits make the reclaimed land unfit for agriculture, and the dry lake beds contribute to the air pollution of Mexico City. The lake beds are unstable, and parts of the city have been sinking.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Anahuac — Anahuac, TX U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 2210 Housing Units (2000): 902 Land area (2000): 2.115261 sq. miles (5.478501 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.115261 sq. miles (5.478501 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Anahuac, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 2210 Housing Units (2000): 902 Land area (2000): 2.115261 sq. miles (5.478501 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.115261 sq. miles (5.478501 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Anahuac — (mexikan., »am Wasser«) wurde von den Mexikanern und ihren ältern Autoren (Tezozomoc, Sahagun) das Küstenland Mexikos genannt, und man unterschied A. Xicalanca, das Golfküstenland, und A. Ayotlan, das pacifische Küstenland. Erst der Franziskaner… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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  • Anahuac — 1 Original name in latin Anhuac Name in other language Anahuac, Anhuac, El Humo, Pueblo Viejo State code MX Continent/City America/Mexico City longitude 22.20275 latitude 97.85507 altitude 8 Population 13074 Date 2012 12 05 2 Original name in… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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