anagnorisis

/an'ag nawr"euh sis, -nohr"-/, n., pl. anagnorises /-seez'/.
(in ancient Greek tragedy) the critical moment of recognition or discovery, esp. preceding peripeteia.
[1790-1800; < L < Gk, equiv. to anagnorí(zein) to know again (ana- ANA- + gnor-, c. L -gnor- in ignorare to IGNORE + -izein -IZE) + -sis -SIS; perh. gnor- from adj. deriv. *gno-ró- knowing]

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      (Greek: “recognition”), in a literary work, the startling discovery that produces a change from ignorance to knowledge. It is discussed by Aristotle in the Poetics as an essential part of the plot of a tragedy, although anagnorisis occurs in comedy, epic, and, at a later date, the novel as well. Anagnorisis usually involves revelation of the true identity of persons previously unknown, as when a father recognizes a stranger as his son, or vice versa. One of the finest occurs in Sophocles' Oedipus Rex when a messenger reveals to Oedipus his true birth, and Oedipus recognizes his wife Jocasta as his mother, the man he slew at the crossroads as his father, and himself as the unnatural sinner who brought misfortune on Thebes. This recognition is the more artistically satisfying because it is accompanied by a peripeteia (“reversal”), the shift in fortune from good to bad that moves on to the tragic catastrophe. An anagnorisis is not always accompanied by a peripeteia, as in the Odyssey, when Alcinous, ruler of Phaeacia, has his minstrel entertain a shipwrecked stranger with songs of the Trojan War, and the stranger begins to weep and reveals himself as none other than Odysseus. Aristotle discusses several kinds of anagnorisis employed by dramatists. The simplest kind, used, as he says, “from poverty of wit,” is recognition by scars, birthmarks, or tokens. More interesting are those that arise naturally from incidents of the plot.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Anagnorisis — (griechisch „Wiedererkennung“) bezeichnet in der griechischen und römischen Literatur den Umstand, dass sich zwei Personen wiedererkennen. Besonders häufig ist die Anagnorisis in der Tragödie (und dort vor allem bei Euripides), doch gibt es… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Anagnorisis —   [griechisch] die, , Literatur: das »Wiedererkennen« z. B. von Verwandten oder Freunden im Zug der Handlung. Die Anagnorisis kann eine tragische Verwicklung lösen oder auch das Tragische der Situation bewusst machen (so in Sophokles »König… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • anagnorisis — (n.) c.1800, from Latin, from Gk. anagnorisis recognition, from anagnorizein to recognize …   Etymology dictionary

  • Anagnorisis — An ag*nor i*sis, n. [Latinized fr. Gr. ?; ? + ? to recognize.] The unfolding or d[ e]nouement. [R.] De Quincey. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • anagnórisis — (Del gr. ἀναγνώρισις, acción de reconocer). f. poét. agnición …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Anagnórisis — La anagnórisis (del griego antiguo ἀναγνώρισις, «reconocimiento») es un recurso narrativo que consiste en el descubrimiento por parte de un personaje de datos esenciales sobre su identidad, seres queridos o entorno, ocultos para él hasta ese… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Anagnórisis — (Del gr. anagnorisis < anagnorizo, reconocer.) ► sustantivo femenino LITERATURA Uno de los puntos esenciales de la trama narrativa, principalmente en el teatro, en que el personaje central es reconocido o se reconoce en su verdadera identidad …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • anagnórisis — {{#}}{{LM A02255}}{{〓}} {{[}}anagnórisis{{]}} ‹a·nag·nó·ri·sis› {{◆}}(pl. anagnórisis){{◇}} {{《}}▍ s.f.{{》}} {{♂}}En una obra teatral o narrativa, especialmente en el teatro clásico,{{♀}} reconocimiento de la verdadera identidad de un personaje:… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • anagnorisis — noun (plural anagnorises) Etymology: Greek anagnōrisis, from anagnōrizein to recognize, from ana + gnōrizein to make known; akin to Greek gnōrimos well known, gignōskein to come to know more at know Date: circa 1800 the point in the plot… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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